The book explores the necessary relations between freedom and evil. Their neglect may not impede the construction of an abstract idea of freedom, but will preclude our comprehension of freedom as an always concrete practice of emancipation. Why is pure moral philosophy or normative ethics myopic toward this distinction between “freedom as an idea” and “freedom as emancipation”? How to overcome this myopia and how does this overcoming affect the character of ethical thought through its historicization and politicization? Does the ethical thought thus transmogrified have to retain certain key concepts of the pure moral philosophy, beginning with the formal concept of duty, in order to become consistently and uncompromisingly historical and political? These questions are the centerpiece of this book. The inquiries related to them evolve in the context of a critical examination of the Kantian moral philosophy, which encompasses both its metaphysical “canon” and a daring attempt to revise it recorded in the later writings of Kant. His Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is the most vivid example of this attempt.
The present book is addressed to all those interested in moral philosophy and political philosophy, to those who study and teach these disciplines.
The book Architects, Konungs, Pontiffs in Medieval Europe, which opens the series Polystoria, is based on research conducted by the Centre for Medieval Studies of the Higher School of Economics on the problems of medieval history of Western and Eastern Europe. The book deals with several aspects of cultural, political and religious interplay on a wide geographical horizon, from Byzantium, Caucasus and Rus’ to Scandinavia and the latin Christendom, from the early Middle Ages to the early Modern Time. Little studied, but still historically important cases and situations, like the visit of the pope to Constantinople in 711, single objects, like the konung Sverrir’s standard, are studied in great detail along with some crucial, and long discussed historiographical hyperthemes, like the genesis of Rus’, the christian architecture in Caucasus, the background of gothic naturalism or the anti-judean polemics. The volume concludes with the first complete and commented russian translation of the De miseria humanae conditionis, written around 1195 by the cardinal Lotario de’ Segni, the treatise to be one the milestone in the history of western religious thought and reflection on the nature of man.
The book is intended for historians, philologists, art historians, specialists in religious and cultural studies and political analysts.
This volume presents the work of the staff and students of the Department of Organizational Psychology of the Higher School of Economics and their colleagues from the Department of Social Psychology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, which deal with the sociopsychological study of the dynamic changes in Russian society at all levels of functioning, including large and small social groups as well as individual level. The collection consists of two sections. The section “Changes in social identity and social consciousness” presents results of theoretical and empirical studies of different types of social identity (civic, ethnic, religious, gender) and analysis of the dynamics of public (political, religious) consciousness. “Social Psychology of Organizational Behavior” is devoted to research in the field of organizational culture and organizational behavior, the dynamics of socio-psychological processes in small groups and cross-cultural research in an international company.
This book is for experts in the field of social and organizational psychology and related disciplines.
The book is intended for demographists, lecturers, and university students in thehuma nities, as well as for anyone interested in the demography of Russia. The book mayprove useful while taking the courses Demography, Demography and DemographicPolicy, Population Economics, and many others.
In the monograph the leading specialists of the Department of World Economy of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the Higher School of Economics for the first time in Russian scientific literature provide comprehensive coverage of the causes and consequences of the change in the trend of global economic development — from boom to crisis to subsequent recovery — of the leading developed and developing countries, including Russia. The authors assess the extent of the decline of production, the damage to the labor market, social sphere; they analyze national and international strategies to overcome this crisis, and predict the general contours of the post-crisis economic picture of the world.
This book is intended for researchers, teachers and students of economic institutions and faculties, and also for anyone interested in the actual problems of modern world economy.
The volume reviews the complex of issues associated with the problem of Empires: theoretical research of the problem of empires; different aspects of the history of Russian (Soviet) Empire and its territories which have joined; the history of one of the earliest colonial empires, the Portuguese empire; the collapse of the late French empire; the political process occurring in the “wreckage” of world empires; and a summary on the effects of the collapse of empires. This problem is very relevant because of the development of “post-imperial syndrome” in the contemporary Russian society. The articles are authored by leading experts on domestic and world history, as well as young scientists and students of the Higher School of Economics.
This book can be useful to historians, political scientists, philosophers, journalists, and a wide range of readers.