Work-book «The current state of the Russian oil and gas industry» is offered for publication as a training aid for students qualified at the direction 131000 “Oil and gas engineering”. We have described the geology of hydrocarbons, in particular - the geology of heavy oil, unconventional resources of energy, etc. In this workbook there are also methods for the development of deposits of heavy oil and produce shale oil. Special attention was given to unconventional sources of hydrocarbons, exactly, gas hydrates and clayey shale. Novelty of work-book is presentation of oil and gas terminology to students from China. This work-book is published for the first time and will be very useful for self-study students of oil and gas disciplines, as well as oil and gas terms in Russian, English and Chinese. The manuscript is classified as «Approved by UMO on Higher Education in the field of applied geology as a work book for students enrolled in the direction 131000 “Oil and Gas Engineering”».
The given study is devoted to the issues of searching the ways for adaptation to climate change, mitigation of its impact on the economy and population, as well as to the role of increasing energy efficiency in the economies of some countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). It also relates to the issues of responding to negative trends and emerging challenges caused by climate change. The Report represents several case studies on the above topics implemented in Moldova, Tadjikistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation by the network of regional enviuronmental centres. It also contains consideration of possible methodological approaches and recommendations on addressing the above issues in the EECCA region.
This book provides an information about sexual selection and it's role in th eorigin of modern species of animals, as well as humans. Sex and gender are two sides of one coin, replecting our complex biosocial nature. Different male and females dtartegies in traditional societies are demonstrated, as well as thier associations with reproductive success and social status. The reasons of permanent presence of a numbe rod gender stereotypes in traditional and modern societies are discussed.
The book ‘18th Century Architecture in Siberia’ is the first ultimate monography about the topic. 18thcentury was very special for Siberian architecture for two reasons. Firstly, it was a period when local builders created unique style, that differs from other regional styles of Russian architecture. Secondly, many of buildings of this period had outstanding artistic value, not only on local level, but for the whole country.
The research is focused on brick churches (more then 200) built between late 17th century when the brick architecture starts in Siberia and early 18th century when the last buildings of local taste appear. Unfortunately, very few wooden churches or brick secular buildings remains in Siberia, so any relevant conclusions about their architecture seem impossible. However, the information about these buildings is included in every relevant chapter. A huge amount of data and photos is collected, specially about buildings destroyed or severely damaged during Soviet regime. Most of existing buildings were studied and photographed by the author. Some of architectural monuments will be published for the first time.
The Enlightenment is inextricably connected to the conception of terrestrial space, through the medium of actual and imaginary travels. The eighteenth century witnessed several scientific expeditions, and these gave birth to a new field of knowledge, ethnography. Alien lands and the people living on them became the subject of reflection for some of the leading philosophes, Leibnitz, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. Journeys to other states became an element in the education of noble youth. Investigating the historical and geographic problematic of the Enlightenment enables scholars to draw a picture of the representations of physical space made by Europeans of that era as well as to understand more precisely the basic world view underlying colonial expansion. Research of this sort tends to be more productive when carried out at the intersection of various disciplines, and this book is one venue for gathering historians (including historians of culture), geographers, philologists, and art historians together in a single volume. This substantial tome is both international and interdisciplinary, subsidized by two French organizationsdthe Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the Fondation Maison des sciences des l'homme (FMSH). Of the nineteen substantive essays, four are in French, one in English, and the rest in Russian. Two essays written by non-Russian scholars appear in Russian. However, the book's international appeal is enhanced by the fact that almost all the Russian-language essays are accompanied by a summary (generally in French) whilst the other essays have Russian summaries. Most of the contributors are Russian; others are French, German, Japanese, Maltese, and Brazilian.
The proceedings of International Congress REENCON-XXI "Renewable energy in 21st Century: energy and economic effectiveness" 2016 presents the thesis of Congress participants devoted to the key aspects of development and practical use of renewable energy sources in Russia and the world. One of the challenges relates to deep decarbonization of the world economy aiming at mitigation of global climate change.
Analysis of Climate change in Russia