This book presents the results of analysis of human capital in Murmansk and Archangelsk regions, republics of Komi and Karelia, and Nenets Autonomous Region. The authors considered migration processes and their trends; some of these were analyzed at municipal level. Having taken in account the importance of life expectancy as a complex indicator of sustainable development, the authors identified the periods of its growth and decline. Age-specific differences were also scrutinized. The relative contributions of major causes of mortality in life expectancy at birth were estimated. The authors described the dynamics of population of small indigenous peoples of the North (Vepsians, Nenets, Komi), the problems associated with their self-identification, census administration, migration, childbirth and life expectancy. The authors analyzed climate change as the new health risk factor, which affects safety of food and drinking water, accessibility of medical services and specific practices of deer-herding. A separate chapter of the book is devoted to current and future trends in working-age population until 2002. Each territory of Barents Sea Region displayed its own peculiar behavior of this indicator. The authors compared selected social, economic and demographic indicators in European part of Russian Arctic with those in foreign countries which belong to Barents Sea Region. This monograph was a product of collaborative efforts of the researchers from Economic Forecasting Institute and Institute of Demography of Higher School of Economics. B. A. Revich, Doctor of Medicine, and B. N. Porfiryev, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, edited this book.
The monograph is devoted to the assessment of population health indicators and comprehensive analysis of the factors influencing on the health of indigenous people of Russian North.
The monograph is devoted to estimation of indicators of population health and a comprehensive analysis of the factors influencing the health of indigenous minorities of the Russian Federation.
Describes the history of establishment of the scientific field of "artificial intelligence", describes the main directions of its development and scope of mapping the three main strategic approaches to creation of intellectual systems: the technology of expert systems, neural network technology and technologies of evolutionary modelling. Theoretical bases and examples of the development of intelligent systems and examples of their application to the data mining, in Economics, in business, in psychology, in sociology and other fields. The book builds and expands the worldview of the graduates, improving his ranking in life. At the same time, the book is a comprehensive guide to mastering technologies for creating neural network intelligent systems and their applications for solving a wide range of problems encountered in many fields of human activity. For students of higher educational institutions.
The Body Multiple is an extraordinary ethnography of an ordinary disease. Drawing on fieldwork in a Dutch university hospital, Annemarie Mol looks at the day-to-day diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerosis. A patient information leaflet might describe atherosclerosis as the gradual obstruction of the arteries, but in hospital practice, this one medical condition appears to be many other things. From one moment, place, apparatus, specialty, or treatment, to the next, a slightly different “atherosclerosis” is being discussed, measured, observed, or stripped away. This multiplicity does not imply fragmentation; instead, the disease is made to cohere through a range of tactics including transporting forms and files, making images, holding case conferences, and conducting doctor-patient conversations.
The Body Multiple juxtaposes two distinct texts. Alongside Mol’s analysis of her ethnographic material—interviews with doctors and patients and observations of medical examinations, consultations, and operations—runs a parallel text in which she reflects on the relevant literature. Mol draws on medical anthropology, sociology, feminist theory, philosophy, and science and technology studies to reframe such issues as the disease-illness distinction, subject-object relations, boundaries, difference, situatedness, and ontology. In dialogue with one another, Mol’s two texts meditate on the multiplicity of reality-in-practice.
Presenting philosophical reflections on the body and medical practice through vivid storytelling, The Body Multiple will be important to those in medical anthropology, philosophy, and the social study of science, technology, and medicine.
The monograph examines solutions to complex problems a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of health interventions on the example of a multi-karidioreabilitatsii. One of the main tools for solving this problem, used in the book are the methods of mathematical modeling, basically - methods of mathematical statistics. An important distinguishing feature of this work is a careful approach to the formation of performance indicators. The criteria for the effectiveness of therapeutic and preventive measures proposed indicators of clinical, social and economic outcomes. This research study was sponsored by RHF, grant № 12-02-00436 «Cost-effectiveness modeling of health interventions on the example of the rehabilitation of patients after the provision of high-tech medical care in the profile "Cardiovascular Surgery".