Drawing on the discourse theory of Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, as well as its further elaborations in works on populism by Laclau, radical democracy by Mouffe, and social antagonisms by Nico Carpentier, this book analyzes the Ukrainian Euromaidan as a discursive formation that creates social meanings. The results of the discourse analysis presented in the book show how important it is to recognize and problematize the antagonism of progressive social imaginary formulated within the framework of Manichean dualism: “progressive us” vs. “backward them”. The main argument of the book is that by presenting complex social issues as simple dichotomies, the “progressive” discourses of Euromaidan and other social movements in the name of democracy and social justice undermine democracy in its own name by destroying the common symbolic space necessary for communication. To put it in Laclau and Mouffe’s terms, this creates the conditions for “maximum separation”, when two societies appear in place of one, and confrontation between these “societies” becomes fierce, total and indiscriminate. As the Ukrainian crisis demonstrates, such a ferocious discursive confrontation may lead not only to symbolic but also to physical annihilation of each other. The book is addressed to politicians, public figures, political scientists, sociologists as well as for the general audience.
This monograph examines mutual transformations between literature and science in certain texts authored by St. Petersburg Formalists, a literary school that emerged shortly before the Russian Revolution. The author discusses the Formalists' methodological and philosophical origins, the emergence of their collective biography and professional circle of friends, Viktor Shklovsky's literary experiments, and Boris Eichenbaum's intimate prose. The concept of literariness – rather vague and since then abandoned – takes centre stage in the paper as it did in the early work of the Russian Formalists.
The collective monograph presents the results of the research project conducted in 2009 through the course of the “Jean Monnet” program with support from the European Commission. The paper reflects the dynamics of the role of the European Union (EU) in the processes of global governance, contains an analysis of the methods used by the EU to achieve its goals and models of the formation of international partnerships. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the role and influence of the EU in the “Group of Seven / Eight” for the last 10 years, including ever-increasing scope of authority of the EU in the field of common foreign policy and security policy. The EU’s role in the “Group of Eight” has not been studied sufficiently yet, but over the last decade the EU, now comprising of 27 member countries, have been through structural and institutional changes that have enhanced its influence and legitimacy. The book traces the transformation of the identity of the EU as a global actor in the past 10 years, and assesses the significance of these changes for the relations between Russia and the EU.
This book is recommended as a textbook for those studying in international relations, activities of international organizations, the processes of globalization and integration.