The present work is the first legal historical analyze of the Constitution of the Second Empire in France and its institutions. The author prepared the full juridical translation of all the constitutional acts of this period, analyzed the reason of their elaboration, basic characteristics and a place of the acts in the constitutional history of France.
The two-volume edition of "Cádiz Constitution of 1812" (compiler – T. Ale х eeva) prepared in connection with the 200th anniversary of the Spanish Constitution, adopted in 1812 in the city of Cadiz during the War of the Spanish people, betrayed by its Rulers, against the forces of Napoleonic France. The Constitution became known in Russia. Some of its aspects are presented in the book by the treaty, constitutional texts, memories, testimonies of the Decembrists, fragments of scientific and artistic works. In the introductory article "The Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy and Russia" T. Alexeeva dedicates to the history of the Constitution`s elaboration and adoption, characterization of formal and substantial features, its popularity in Russia, role in the history of Russian-Spanish relations, to the "Spanish echo" in the Decembrist movement.
“How the U.S. President is elected” is the first book in Russian that narrates about the U.S. presidential election system, which is one of the most unique election systems in the world. The book is written in the form of questions and answers, and it acquaints the reader with all the stages of the process of electing a U.S. President.
Having read this popular book, the reader will get her/his own impression on to what extent the acting U.S. presidential election system is in line with the ideas of the Founding Fathers, why many Americans consider this system to be successfully functioning, and why numerous attempts to radically change the system, which have been proposed for more than 200 years, have failed.
In 1957 Ernst Kantorowicz published a book that would be the guide for generations of scholars through the arcane mysteries of medieval political theology. In The King's Two Bodies, Kantorowicz traces the historical problem posed by the "King's two bodies"--the body politic and the body natural--back to the Middle Ages and demonstrates, by placing the concept in its proper setting of medieval thought and political theory, how the early-modern Western monarchies gradually began to develop a "political theology."
The king's natural body has physical attributes, suffers, and dies, naturally, as do all humans; but the king's other body, the spiritual body, transcends the earthly and serves as a symbol of his office as majesty with the divine right to rule. The notion of the two bodies allowed for the continuity of monarchy even when the monarch died, as summed up in the formulation "The king is dead. Long live the king."
Bringing together liturgical works, images, and polemical material, The King's Two Bodies explores the long Christian past behind this "political theology." It provides a subtle history of how commonwealths developed symbolic means for establishing their sovereignty and, with such means, began to establish early forms of the nation-state.