The book is devoted to the word order typology. The languages with free order are under discussion. It concerns verious phenomena that can trgger word order variation and have impact on the syntactic structure of a sentence such as infromation structure, differential argument marking, clitics position etc.
The book undertakes a comprehensive quantitative study of the Bashkir verse system in the 20th century. All levels of poetic text organization from phonics to vocabulary and grammar with special attention to the meter and rhythm are analyzed using modern statistical tools. Quantitative data were obtained on the corous of texts of 103 Bashkir poets with the total volume of 1.77 million words in use. Actually, the analysis is preceded by a detailed review of the science of Turkic poetry starting from the 1950s. It is asserted that the main role in the Bashkir poem of the 20th century is played by the sillabic forms with folklore origin of uzun-kyu and kyska-kyu, the first of which is specific for the Volga-Kipchak poetic tradition. One of the chapters gives a detailed comparison of the Bashkir verse with the Kyrgyz verse. The book concludes with examples of poetic texts in the Bashkir language, generated using artificial neural networks.
A collective monograph prepared by the specialists of the Moscow State University in cooperation with colleagues from other universities and scientific institutions of Russia, for the first time in Russian historiography, offers a comprehensive view of the cult of rulers in the Hellenistic states, as well as of its prerequisites in the societies of the Ancient East and classical Greece and its subsequent evolution in Roman times. For historians of antiquity, students of historical faculties, all interested in the history of the ancient world.
The book presents the main prose texts of Mandelstam - "The Noise of Time", "Feodosia", "Egyptian Stamp", "Fourth Prose" and "Journey to Armenia" - what we conditionally called "big prose". This is the "poet's prose", but very specific one: its echo with Mandelstam's poetry is obvious, although not at first glance. Four out of five "prose" were published during Mandelstam's lifetime, between 1925 and 1933, three of them even twice. At the same time, censorship thoroughly mutilated only the fifth prose - "A Journey to Armenia". The "fourth" one did not suffer from censorship at all: it was so uncensorable that paved its way to the reader, bypassing periodicals - exclusively through samizdat and tamizdat. The book presents a textologically verified collection, provided with a detailed commentary created especially for this edition.
The dictionary features popular vocabulary reflecting the peculiarities of today's Spanish language as spoken in Latin America. The dictionary includes both standard and colloquial expressions as well as vernacular and slang units.
In the book, commented on the story of Ivan Bunin "Clean Monday"
The author teaches to awaken creativity in oneself, using emotions as a factor of motivation, explains the concept of critical thinking, gives the reader tools to add / edit publications to increase the clarity and rationality of their own judgments, and also shows where a particular theory is applicable