The multi-author book is devoted to research challenges of regulatory role of trust and distrust in social life, that is for the first time considered to be the factor of civil society shaping. This book represents analysis of theoretical and methodological problems of trust and distrusts research, provides the research results on the role of trust in civil society life, particularly, cultural peculiarities of trust in this society. In distinct sections trust is supposed to be the factor of economic development, as well as the basis of social capital. The final section is devoted to the new research trend that is trust or distrust to social-technical systems, mass media and advertising. This multi-author book will be of use to scientists of social sciences, economics, psychology and the wide range of researchers of the humanities, particularly, philosophers, culture experts and political scientists. It contains a lot of theoretical, methodological and practical developments, that will allow to forecast future changes in trust and distrust in society and eventually make the process of shaping the trust culture in civil society more manageable.
This work presents the results of a research of students’ academic heterogeneity in Russian universities. The purpose of this paper was to analyze the system of higher education in Russia from the perspective of universities’ academic heterogeneity (under what we mean the heterogeneity in the level of preparedness and academic performance of students in the learning process), as well as look at the perceptions of academic heterogeneity and the practices used in the cases of specific universities in relation to it in specific universities. Quantitative empirics is based on the Monitoring the quality of admission for 2011-2017 and a qualitative analysis of the cases of three Russian universities, which are characterized by a high level of heterogeneity.
This issue will be of interest both to researchers in the field of higher education, as well as to university practitioners and politicians involved in educational issues.