The Center for Business Tendency Studies of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, National Research University Higher School of Economics, presents an informational overview reflecting the trends in the activity of distance selling in the regions of the country, formed at the end of the second quarter of 2020 amid shock events caused by COVID-19. At the same time, a representative picture of the state of the digital climate of Russian IT companies engaged in the development of digital solutions in the field of e-commerce technologies in the final development dynamics for 2019 is presented. The results of regular business tendency monitoring of heads of retail organizations for the II quarter of 2019 and 2020, representing the average share of distance selling, were used as an empirical basis for measuring distance selling activity in the regional context. The data used are based on surveys of about 5 thousand heads of trade organizations in almost all constituent entities of the Russian Federation, conducted on a quarterly basis by the Federal State Statistics Service. Diagnostics of the digital climate of IT companies was based on the results of pilot business surveys of about 100 specially selected organizations from 30 regions of Russia, the areas of activity of which include developments in the field of e-commerce, annually conducted by the ANO IIC "Statistics of Russia" commissioned by the Center for Business Studies ISSEK NRU HSE. The results of both surveys involved are based on samples that are representative across all observation units, multidimensional, stratified, and representative for the main parameters of the Russian economy.
The book discusses the methodological and practical issues of auditing. We consider the nature and types of audit and audit activities, the various problems of the audit. We study the current system of legal regulation of auditing, its nature and historical evolution. Estimated audit principles in modern auditing. Audit revealed a place in the system of financial control in Russia. Particular attention is paid to enhancing the role of self-regulation in auditing. The analysis of the forms and types of responsibility in auditing. The book shows the modern dynamics and development trends of the audit.
The collection contains materials of all-Russian youth scientific-practical conference "Actual problems of the application of antitrust legislation in Russia" held in Moscow on 19 October, 2017. Articles devoted to a wide range of problems associated with status of antitrust legislation: with its compliance by business entities, control of financial and commercial activities, state and municipal procurement, control of advertising activity and suppression of unfair competition, tariff regulation.
The monograph is devoted to the problems arising in the analysis of demographic processes, the calculation of net rates and assessment of reserves in the major life insurance contract. The results of studies involving various related parties of the analyzed issues. For example, given a detailed comparative analysis of pre- and disadvantages of organization of the insurance market in Russia and abroad. With used - vaniem various techniques built a ranking of countries in terms of development of the market under study.
The basis of actuarial calculations in the basic life insurance contracts are demo graphic processes: in particular, information about the mortality rate. The foundation for the construction of a net rates and valuation reserves in the life insurance contract is the data of mortality tables, which are based, in turn, is an indicator of how Vero die before reaching next age interval. In this regard, the authors present the theoretical aspects of the construction of the net rates and valuation reserves in life insurance contracts. The paper discusses methods of constructing mortality tables , raised the problem of statistical analysis of demographic processes in actuarial calculations, an overview of the basic formulas used to derive the net rates and valuation reserves in life insurance contracts.
The authors of the classification of the Russian Federation in terms of economic and demographic character. Some representatives of the obtained clusters The results of the study of the dynamics of demographic processes. It analyzes the main trends in life expectancy at age and sex and the regional context.
Of course, the authors have paid special attention to the analysis of the impact of demographic, financial factors on change of the tariff policy of life insurance contracts, as well as the impact on the rate and size of the allowance conditions of the contract. The research data for the city of Moscow as a financial and information center of Russia, which significantly affects the development of the insurance market as a whole (not only in the life insurance sector).
The results of these studies may be interested in a wide range of professionals in the field of economics, actuarial calculations in life insurance analysts.