The monograph discusses theoretical and practical approaches to economic effectiveness and efficiency of information systems (IS) estimation in Russian economy. First, the book considers modern theoretical results. Firm level empirical tests of IT and IS influence on productivity, such as estimation of computer capital impact on productivity; lagged effects of IT, complementary relations between computer, organization and human capital are of special interest.
The author tested some hypotheses on samples of Russian firms. For example, positive effect of computer capital on productivity was tested on a sample of 200 firms. Complementary relations between computer and organizational capital were investigated on some cases of Russian firms.
Theoretical advances enabled improvement of IT effectiveness estimation in practice. For this author purposes a number of new instruments such as map of organizational practice, extended matrix of change, a set of models for allocating IT costs across IT services within the firm. Existing methodologies of IT economic effectiveness and efficiency analysis are discussed as well.
Author acknowledges Michail Lugachyov, Chief of the Economic faculty IS economics department for consistent support of this research and important comments, Konstantin Zimin for access to unique set of data on IT expenses in Russian firms, Vladimir Ananyin and Pavel Alfyorov for useful discussions.
For students of international affairs, as political scientists and economists, as well as professionals involved in direct investment abroad and foreign investment insurance matters.
Climate change is already happening and negatively affecting agricultural production in Russia, particularly the crops production, as one of the most bulnerable to weather and climatic factors. First part of the publication presents the economic valuation of climate change impacts on crops production on the national level. In the second part of it we present findings of the case studies in two Russian agricultural provinces, where the negative impacts of climate change are clearly observed. In conclusion, we consider possible options for adaptation of Russian agriculture to climate change.