The article is devoted to consideration of the human factor in the context of its role in realization of the strategy of energy saving and energy efficiency in Russia. One of the results of this policy is decreasing of the volume of emissions of greenhouse gases that ensures reduction of negative environmental impact and the process of global climate change. The authors give characteristic of accounting and impact of the human factor in the implementation of the policy of energy saving in Russia, as well as existing problems in the given field. Proposals and recommendations on addressing those issues, removal of existing obstacles and due consideration of the role of the human factor are given for optimizing management system for ensuring fulfillment of the of the orders of the government of the country.
The peasant-entrepreneur Ivan Pososhkov (1652–1726) is considered the first Russian economist, as his «Book of Poverty and Wealth» is the earliest works of Russian social thought, especially on the integrated coverage of socio-economic problems – the role of the state in the economy, tax collection, trade, serfdom, regulation of monetary circulation, «rule of law», etc. Analysis of the «Book of Poverty and Wealth» displays on the general discussion of the Russian economic model, because the idea of IT Pososhkov reflects contradictions and problems not only the era of Peter’s reforms, but also throughout almost 400 years of tragic history of modernization of Russian society. The collective monograph presents the work of the conference participants «At the dawn of Russian economic thought», which took place February 27, 2014 at the Moscow Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation and was dedicated to the 290th anniversary of the «Book of Poverty and Wealth» IT Pososhkov. The first section of the book examines how the views of Pososhkov relate to the basic paradigm of economic thought of modern times. The second section is devoted to a comparison of views of Pososhkov with the views of other Russian philosophers – economists in XVII–XIX centuries. This publication is intended not only for specialists in economic history and the history of economic thought, but also for all those interested in the history of the national economy and economics..