The monograph presents an analysis of the recent tendencies in the transformation of world oil market. Special attention is paid to development of US unconventional oil sector, perspectives of the American «shale revolution» globalization, new potential of oil refining, advancement of competitive fuels in electricity and transportation. Complex research of institutional evolution in Russian oil sector and development strategies of Russian oil companies is provided in a wide historical and political economic context. New structure of challenges that forces OPEC to change the strategical behaviour on the world oil market is determined. The impact of tightening regulation over financial and banking sector in the USA on the mechanism of crude oil price setting is assessed.
The article is devoted to consideration of the human factor in the context of its role in realization of the strategy of energy saving and energy efficiency in Russia. One of the results of this policy is decreasing of the volume of emissions of greenhouse gases that ensures reduction of negative environmental impact and the process of global climate change. The authors give characteristic of accounting and impact of the human factor in the implementation of the policy of energy saving in Russia, as well as existing problems in the given field. Proposals and recommendations on addressing those issues, removal of existing obstacles and due consideration of the role of the human factor are given for optimizing management system for ensuring fulfillment of the of the orders of the government of the country.