The book is devoted to comprehensive analysis of the greenhouse gas emission regulation systems, including international, regional and national experience in development and implementation of direct and indirect "carbon" regulation, cap-and-trade schemes, international carbon market and its mechanisms, joint implementation projects, perspectives of carbon market evolution in the future, proposals on imtroduction of low carbon development mechanisms in Russia
HSE Global Cities Innovation Index (HSE GCII) presents a new approach to measuring the innovative appeal of the world’s metropolises. It was developed by the Russian Cluster Observatory of the National Research University Higher School of Economics Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge. The ranking is based on a comprehensive approach to assessing innovation that covers technological development, creative industries, and urban environment. The study is based on a specially developed system comprising 120 indicators calculated for 36 global centers with the use of recognized international data sources. The report presents ranking scores and examines key factors of attracting the world’s most successful knowledge economy individuals to cities. It also discloses the ranking algorithm and provides detailed methodological comments. The publication includes city profi les with full information about their rankings according to each indicator. The publication will be of practical interest to a wide range of readers, including technology entrepreneurs and researchers, representatives of creative industries, urban governance practitioners, and professionals involved in the development of specifi c knowledge economy sectors.