The publication is the third in a series of works devoted to the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) and is a compilation of analytical materials (Opinions and Reports) of the Venice Commission on justice issues. The first section deals with the rule of law and the role of justice and contains, inter alia, the Report on the rule of law. A separate section is devoted to the constitutional framework of judiciary in some countries: special attention is paid to the Venice Commission’s opinions on judicial reforms in Armenia, Kazakhstan, the problems of organizing the judiciary in Poland. Section three, «Independence of judges and their appointment», contains a number of Venice Commission’s analytical materials on the independence of judiciary and judges. Section four reveals the problem of judicial ethics and disciplinary responsibility of judges. The final section contains material on the improvement of the judicial procedure. The most part of the presented materials are translated into Russian for the first time. The publication also includes scientific articles on justice issues written by members of the Venice Commission.