Describes the history of establishment of the scientific field of "artificial intelligence", describes the main directions of its development and scope of mapping the three main strategic approaches to creation of intellectual systems: the technology of expert systems, neural network technology and technologies of evolutionary modelling. Theoretical bases and examples of the development of intelligent systems and examples of their application to the data mining, in Economics, in business, in psychology, in sociology and other fields. The book builds and expands the worldview of the graduates, improving his ranking in life. At the same time, the book is a comprehensive guide to mastering technologies for creating neural network intelligent systems and their applications for solving a wide range of problems encountered in many fields of human activity. For students of higher educational institutions.