Jews were the second largest ethno-confessional group in the “first wave” of Russian emigration, surpassed only by ethnic Russians. After the Nazi rise to power and especially after the beginning of World War II, the second stage of their wanderings started: from Germany to France, Belgium, Poland, Latvia, and from Europe to the US. Many had to change more than one country of residence in attempt to escape Nazi persecution. Not everyone, however, managed to flee. The present volume contains a voluminous correspondence of Alexis Goldenweiser (1890-1979), a lawyer, publicist, and public figure of emigration. In 1937, he moved from Berlin to New York and became a sort of intercessor in the affairs of Russian Jewish émigrés and a chronicler of their struggle for existence. Mark Aldanov, Iosif Gessen, Oskar Gruzenberg, Grigory Landau, Vladimir Nabokov, other prominent figures of emigration, as well as tens of “ordinary” émigrés were among Goldenweiser’s correspondents. The correspondence, kept at the Bakhmeteff Archive at Columbia University in New York, is a unique source on history of the Russian Jewish emigration on the eve and in the first years of the world catastrophe.
This is a volume of correspondence between Vasily Maklakov (1869-1957) and Mark Aldanov (1886-1957) that took place in the years 1929 to 1957. Maklakov was a defense lawyer, a member of the Central Committee of the Constitutional Democratic Party, a member of the 2nd-4th State Dumas, an ambassador of the Provisional Government to France (1917-1924). After the collapse of the Provisional Government he de facto represented various anti-Bolshevik governments, and later the interests of Russian exiles in France and other countries. Mark Aldanov was a writer and social commentator, one of the most popular writers of the “Russia abroad” and one of the leading Russian historical novelists of the XX century. The correspondence is a unique source on one of the least studied periods of Russian emigration – the post-war period. It contains information on the émigré discussions of attitudes towards the Soviet power, towards the Vlasov movement, and the problem of collaborationism in general, on the activity of various émigré political organizations, and about various prominent figures of the Russian emigration – Ivan Bunin, Alexandre Kerensky, Sergey Melgunov, Boris Nicolaevsky, and many others. The value of this correspondence extends beyond the fact that it is a wonderful source on the history of Russian political thought of the XX century, on the history and culture of the Russian emigration, and history of Russian literature. This is also a shining example of epistolary genre.
In the second volume of documents on the history of Soviet propaganda during the war years is a collection of material reflecting the activities of the propaganda apparatus and characteristics of the response population for this activity at the final stage and shortly after the end of world war II (1943-1945). Special attention is given to documents that reveal the various aspects of advocacy in the occupied and the liberated territories – as in the USSR and in Europe. Part of archival materials devoted to outreach to other countries, including allies of the USSR in the Second world war, Germany and her satellite countries, Japan, a neutral state. Collected in the volume materials allow us to trace a certain transformation of attitudes and propaganda images at the final stage of the war, to identify key trends, techniques and methods of the Soviet propaganda machine at the front, in the rear of and among the population of different regions of the globe. Included in the book documents help to understand the specifics of the various structures of the apparatus of propaganda, to identify the impact on the advocacy work of the most prominent figures of Soviet Propaganda.