Создание академического текста
The article sheds light upon Academic Writing Center, an educational project launched at the Higher School of Economics in September 2011. The author briefly mentions the center’s objectives, explores the programs offered for potential students and unveils the questions of recruitment, timing and strategic planning. At the end some statistics is given.
Chapter 17 of the monograph is devoted to academic skills acquisition at a non-linguistic university in Russia. It provides the main purposes of students studying at a double (London University and the Higher School of Economics) Bachelor programme and various techniques.
The book aims to develop students’ academic reading and writing skills. It contains a collection of specifically developed tasks to supplement the British course book written by Mark Roberts “English for Economics in Higher Education” (Garnet Publishing Ltd., 2012).
It can be easily used by students, teachers and those who want to develop their academic reading and writing skills.
The author presents the results of the recent study of project proposal presentations made by HSE graduates, and focuses largely on developing skills of academic writing. The materials presented can be useful for writing any type of an academic text.
Academic writing presumes its compliance with prevailing European and worldwide practice. The existence of various documentation styles (MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard, Oscola etc.) proposes paying attention not only to the content of an academic work but also to its execution, which should be done according to the peculiarities of a certain documentation style and the work professional orientation.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.