Стандартизация и сертификация
The article discusses the dynemics of the legislation of the Russion Federation on standardization and draws conclusions about its intermittent character
The author deals with the issues related to existence of non$state juridical education, noting its potential, and in some point its superiority over state juridical education. Introduction of non$state juridical education in the author’s opinion, may take place only in case of active participation of the state which can render certain assistance and support. The author answers the questions which evidence against non$state juridical education, presenting counterarguments which defend it. The author also writes that non$state higher juridical education must receive the state recognition and gives a list of measures aimed at gaining such recognition by non$state juridical institutions of higher education.
In terms of actual tendency of innovations being the driven part of the world economy development it is necessary to describe the situation with innovations and standardization in Russia. The article is describing Russian innovations eco-system, regulations in innovations and standardization of innovations. Main standardization bodies and challenges in standardization are briefly described. Possible ideas for the development of innovations system in Russia are proposed.
This paper presents an approach for developing Linux interface standards aimed to improve portability of applications among different Linux distributions. The approach is based on usage of database-driven informational system that simplifies creation and maintenance of interface standards by standardization committees and their usage by application and distribution developers. A logical model of interfaces between Linux applications and distributions is described which is used to design schema of the informational system's database.
The article is devoted to evaluation of normative definition of production and consumption wastes and to the particular qualities of transfer of ownership. Thus the author proposes to consider as wastes any things that have been rejected by the owner. Up to the article a tool by which «a waste» can be turned into «a product is required. With this tool a number of difficulties in human activity can be removed. There are some variances that appear when an owner of wastes that are kept in a landfill has no access to his wastes but up to our legislation is liable for the possible harm. There are proposed some ways to adjust differences.
The article deals with basic specific institutional features of professional training in coordinated and liberal economies. The author thinks that the specifics of labor market institutes have become one of the basic factors that shape models of professional training. One of the principle directions of evaluation of these models is checking whether they are up to challenges of the modern economy. The mechanisms of providing of education services in various countries is primarily determined by the choice of funding sources, the ratio between general and specialized knowledge, and specifics of the knowledge certification systems.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.