Столицы и провинция. Материалы IV международного Конгресса петровских городов, г. Санкт-Петербург, 8-9 июня 2012 г.
Russia fascinates and attracts: with the same force it arouses admiration as much as rejection and fear. What happened in Russian history that produced such clashing passions? In trying to answer that question, this book suggests a trail through the past of a country that once became a world power. Russia occupied a sixth part of the Earth's continental mass when it became the center of an empire and later of the Soviet Union. Today, it is still the largest country in the world, holding one of the biggest nuclear arsenals. In order to explain the importance of this country it needs to be considered that what we usually understand by "Russia" is actually an amalgam of very different peoples, beliefs and traditions. Throughout the centuries, Russian borders have changed as much as its demography, making it impossible to reconstruct its history without turning to that of many different peoples and states. Thus, through these pages there march past Slavs, Tatars, and Finno-Ugric peoples; Indoeuropean, Scandinavian and Iranians, as much as indigenous Siberian populations. This is a brief history of societies governed by princes, khans, tsars and revolutionary leaders; a parade of cultures, religions, wars, droughts, famines, deportations, and death by the millions. In sum, it is a kind of history which has not been paid due attention as such, and one that very much needed to be told in the Spanish language.
The chapter is focused on exploration of the politics of comparison as it was practiced by the ideologues of the Russian Empire and imperialism at the beginning of the twentieth century. Special attention is given to the transfer of operative ideological frameworks from the British empire to the Russian context.
The article deals with a virtually unknown letter of Andreas Palaiologos, written in Italian and dated 7 November 1475. Apart from a thorough description and edition of the document, the authors inquire into the career of two persons mentioned in it, Emmanuel Trachaniotes (Jr.) and 'Petro Roso'. It is demonstrated that they played a significant role in the relations between the Greek world and Russia in the last quarter of the 15th century.
Battles of the First World War were accompanied by what was the first full-scale war of words in European history. It was aimed at influencing the public opinion abroad as well as at mobilizing the population at home. Leading intellectuals, including famous scholars, participated in propaganda campaigns waged by the belligerent nations. This text focuses on the discussions between philosophers
involved in the international conflict.
Article is devoted to Old Belief history in the years of World War I. Evolution of a political position of Old Believers in 1914-1917 is considered. Also features of the charity of Old Believers which had mass character are revealed.