Коррупция и развитие
The article analyzes the anti-corruption activities as an institutional framework for combating terrorism. It is emphasized that the main internal factors contributing to the emergence and spread of terrorism in the Russian Federation or contributing to its causes and conditions are insufficiently effective fight against organized crime and corruption. The global scale of corruption creates favourable conditions for the creation of domestic sources of financing for terrorist and extremist activities. The directions of further improvement of legislation in the field of combating corruption and terrorism are proposed and justified.
The article investigates certain aspects of the national higher education system of Russian Federation. Special attention is paid to the presence of formal and informal mechanisms that facilitate the capture of regulation and rent extraction by the existing actors. The article presents an analysis of possibilities of opportunistic behavior of the administration of a higher education organization. As a source of the rent there might be inappropriate use of the institutions facilitated by the various mechanisms. In this case this source can be warranted by the internal regulatory documents of the organizations, as well as the external legal statutes. The research also presents analysis of rent extraction sources and examples of the use of administrative resources. The article points out the negative trends and growth of opportunities of rent seeking behavior of the actors of this market.
Informal relations (guanxi) are an integral part of the Chinese society. Despite globalization in cultural and spiritual sense, China differs significantly from Europe and America. Sometimes in the modern Chinese society this kind of relations is perceived negatively meaning corruption and bribery. In the first half of the XX century corruption and the inefficient system of state administration made a social-economic situation in the country worse and led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty. Having come into power the Communist Party of China tried to destroy the traditional Chinese family and the system of relations but after the beginning of the policy of reforms and openness in 1978 this system of relations became needed again. The goal of the article is to show the main differences between corruption and guanxi. For better understanding the author gives examples, which show clearly, what informal relations in the People’s Republic of China are.
This article analyzes the legislation governing the emergence of an anti-corruption ban imposed on a former civil servant at the conclusion of an employment or civil contract, as one of the ways to identify and prevent corruption offenses in the public service.
The article examines the regulatory burdens of the higher education sphere of Russia. The term «Red Tape» in modern economic literature is associated with presence of excessive regulatory requirements that cause waste of time and financial resources and do not provide benefits to society. Red Tapes mean excessive, meaningless paperwork, high degree of formalization and limitations, unnecessary procedures and numerous inefficient regulatory elements. The permanent reformation of the Russian education sector incorporates a broad range of regulatory requirements that lead to ambiguous results in the regulated sphere. The article analyzes possible purposes of the regulator and outcomes of these government interventions. The analysis shows that the attempts of achieving quantitative indicators have a negative impact on the regulated sphere of science and education. The aim of the article is to expose the negative outcomes of the bureaucratic mechanism, namely Red Tapes in the normative documents for possible regulatory intervention and modification.