Смертельный трон. Загадки последних дней правителей России
The chapter is focused on exploration of the politics of comparison as it was practiced by the ideologues of the Russian Empire and imperialism at the beginning of the twentieth century. Special attention is given to the transfer of operative ideological frameworks from the British empire to the Russian context.
This paper analyzes the content of social networks, devoted to historical events, in particular the October revolution of 1917. Objectives. The aim of this project is analysis of content devoted to historical events, to determine how the assessment of significant historical events affect the social reality, as reflected in virtual communication. Methodology. The main techniques that were used to obtain empirical data were used interdisciplinary approach, mass surveys, focus group interviews, analysis of content dedicated to the October revolution, harvested from social networks (Facebook, Vkontakte, Livejournal); analysis of essays. Data processing was carried out using Tableau software and Automap. Results. The content devoted to historical content in the Russian-speaking social networks, social tensions repeats of the events of 100 years ago. Discussion and Conclusion. The conflict that has split Russian society into hostile irreconcilable camps in 1917, continues to divide people today. The battlefield has shifted to virtual space, where the evaluation of historical events becomes another way of marking "friend or foe", leads to conflict communication and increase social tensions.
Battles of the First World War were accompanied by what was the first full-scale war of words in European history. It was aimed at influencing the public opinion abroad as well as at mobilizing the population at home. Leading intellectuals, including famous scholars, participated in propaganda campaigns waged by the belligerent nations. This text focuses on the discussions between philosophers
involved in the international conflict.
A concept of 'medium-sized' data is introduced to complement 'Big' data used in many projects in quantitative history. Like Big data, medium-sized data are disaggregated, machine-readable, represent 'natural' populations rather than samples, and are 'shallow' (the number of variables is usually small). Unlike 'Big' data they are not accumulated routinely in a machine-readable format and require a lot of manual work, which puts certain limits to the size of datasets. General principles of dataset formation for the analysis of populations of persons and organizations are discussed. Two datsets (one, for 19th century Russian University professors and instructors, and another, for Russian philosophical periodicals of the first half of the 20th century) are used to demonstrate techniques of stepwise data aggregation (which helps to partly overcome the original shallowness of the medium-sized data) and visualization of historical processes. The role of novel descriptive and representative techniques in comparative studies is discussed.
The article examines the relationship between power resource and rational behavior in history. It is shown that personal interest is expressed in socially useful economic activities of individuals only if they had no adequate power potential. This general principle is illustrated by examples of Russian medieval history that are associated with the specifics of the trade route «from the Varangians to the Greeks», with land ownership and changing social structure. Further the thesis of the strengthening of the connection between economy and power potential that helps to explain changes in the distribution of power, institutions and economic growth in the Western world in Modern history is elaborated and illustrated. Moreover, the author describes the social dynamics in situations when low social classes expand at social bottoms and, using their monopoly there, exalt.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.