Уголовно-процессуальное законодательство Российской Федерации: структура, новшества, понятия, правила уголовного преследования. Лекция и методические материалы
The prototype of the modern institution of limitation periods for criminal prosecution appears in old Russian law. The crime under it is of a private legal nature (offense), and the main punishment is revenge on the offender. The nascent state power requires limiting revenge, which is destructive in nature, although it continues to act as a natural reaction to deviant behavior. One of these restrictions is the establishment of a certain period during which it was allowed to take revenge with impunity. In different legal systems, this period is designated differently. In old Russian law, which was influenced by Byzantine legal practice, there was a demand for the legality of revenge only in case of immediate implementation, which brings it closer to the institution of necessary defense. This also shows the beginnings of the modern institution of limitation periods, since revenge at that time satisfied the goals of punishment. The analysis of the norms of Russkaya Pravda [Russian Justice] in comparison with the norms of ancient German law is a confirmation of this. In addition, the establishment of limitation periods in old Russian law in some cases had procedural prerequisites, which are also characteristic of the modern institution of limitation periods. Nevertheless, long-standing oblivion did not receive its further development in old Russian law. The most popular institution was monetary compensation, which not only effectively replaced revenge, but also provided an economic platform for the emerging state apparatus. In such circumstances, it was economically unprofitable to limit the payment of ransom as the main type of punishment for that period of time, and first of all directly to the state in the person of the princely power. Thus, in its historical development, the institution of limitation periods for criminal prosecution at the stage of old Russian law acquires its identity and significance only when comparing and disclosing those tasks that were solved by the state in this particular period of time by applying punishment.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/