Международное управление интернетом: конфликт и сотрудничество
The paper focuses on the research of the rural resident’s interactions with the media. This phenomenon is studied in the social and cultural system, in the historical context. The research is based on empirical material collected in the Russian settlement Glazok (Tambovskaya region). The analytical system is used to work with data is Altas.ti. In the theoretical base the research is focuses on the social and cultural anthropology approach and the media studies. The authors note that the rural habitants create meanings for a small social circle, but consume them from a large one. This disproportion makes this rural part of the country invisible in the media world. In its current configuration the rural system of media consumption is unifying people. But the Internet is changing mediated and non-mediated processes in rural Russia.
The presented work reflects only one aspect of the study of the Internet-the importance and role of the Internet in everyday life, perception and interpretation of reality in the context of the Internet and social networks. This paper examines the phenomenon of "online" from the perspective of two theoretical concepts: everyday life and postmodernity, comparing the perception of two generations. We consider two generations in the practice of using the Internet: the generation that "grew up" on the Internet, refers to it as an integral fact of life and the environment of communication, as well as the generation in which the practice of using the Internet in adulthood. This typification was taken as a theoretical construct, but we do not consider the types - "digital natives" and "digital migrants", but the features of "nativity" and the features of"migrant".
The purpose of this article is to examine the causes and consequences of the formation in a non-democratic state of the digital infrastructure of control and suppression of society. As a research method, a comparative case study was used in the interpretation of A. Lijphart and a cross-temporal comparison, as an analysis of dynamic changes in specific periods of time. It should be noted that the comparison here also serves as a special view at the political phenomenon (in this case, the use of digital technology in autocracies). The theoretical foundations of the emergence of modern autocracies and the reasons for increasing government attention to technology are considered. Specific examples consider the use of digital technologies to control society and strengthen the political regime of autocracies. Both political and socio-economic aspects of the functioning of modern authoritarian systems are revealed on the example of the China and the Philippines. At the end of the text is considered the probability of the spread of such practices in modern Russian Federation. Based on a theoretical and practical analysis, the authors come to the following conclusions: autocracies use digital technological infrastructure to form a system of control over citizens; the technological leader in the formation of such control systems is China, which exports elements of the technological infrastructure to other autocracies through state-owned corporations; In the Russian Federation, after a number of legislative changes in the information sphere, with the support of the China, elements of control over the internet and a system of big data collection subordinate to the state are being formed.
Modern teenagers immerse in the social networking sites is a debatable issue among parents, psychologists and educators. Researches describing the phenomenon of social graphs and their attractiveness are rather contradictory. Based on the fact that this new technology has become the most demanded among young people we can assume that social networks available adequate puberty period are. Thus puts forward the hypothesis that through the study of social networks as a new resource meets the needs of puberty is possible to construct the present demands and leading activity of the modern teenager. Special attention is paid to the study of developmental potential of social networks for education and socialization of adolescents.
The article presents results from a cross-cultural study of the interrelation between the activity of Internet use and individual values of the highest order (S. Schwartz): “Self-Transcendence” — “Self-Enhancement” and “Openness to change” — “Conservation”. The data of the eighth wave of the European Social Research (ESS) was an empirical base of the study. In a comparative perspective, we analyzed the links between Internet use and values in Russia (N=2430), as well as in the three European countries that hold the highest rating in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT Development Index, 2017): Iceland (N=880), Switzerland (N=1519), and UK (N=1926). The data were processed using structural equation modeling (SEM) as well as multigroup structural equation modeling (MGSEM). The study showed that similar between Russia and European countries is the lack of connection between the activity of using the Internet with the values of “Self- Transcendence “, as well as a positive relationship with the values of “Openness to change”. Also, was found the following differences in patterns of relationships: on the sample of Russians value “ Self-Enhancement “ was associated positively with the activity of using the Internet, and on a sample of Western European countries this link is missing, but there is a negative relationship value, “Conservation”, away from the Russians. Based on the data obtained, we supposed how the values of Russians may change in the process of further digitalization of society and increasing involvement in the use of the Internet.