Трудовая мотивация и оплата труда работников бюджетной сферы
The scientific significance It was proposed to use relative position of motivational objects in the multidimensional space of evaluation scales and projections of motivational objects on these scales as motive's indicators. Novelty and originality Original data about work motivation of professionals, workink in financial sector, were received.
Relevance Modern trends of business development in Russia suggest increasing companies' interest in the effective human capital management . One of the work with personnel key directions is the motivation and stimulation of workers with the purpose to improve company's efficiency, reduce employee turnover and retention of qualified experts, reduction of costs on personnel. In this regard, there is a growing need for scientific study of the personnel imotivation in Russian companies, due to the cultural characteristics of the society.
"Justice in labor remuneration as a value orientation and work motivation factor" (by Alexandr Temnitski) discusses a recently emerging paradox in labor motivations. While over 90 per cent of employees keep indicating their earnings as an overwhelmingly leading work motivation, all attempts by theoreticians to establish co-relations with other variables have failed so far for lack of their differentiating capacity. Alternatively, so author, justice in wages might be taken as a meaningful factor for work motivation affecting, primarily, the feeling about wage size, but also most of the aspects of work in a certain productive unit. In turn, these findings might serve for construing effective strategies in personnel management under current Russian conditions.
The current transformation of the labor sphere is often inconsistent in the direction and
content of the changes in employment relations and working activity. This has prompted
a revision of the theoretical foundations of the study of values and motives at work.
In this paper, work activity is regarded as a set of value-orientation bases, specific labor
practices and the true motivation of work behavior. In particular, we distinguish between
value dispositions and true work motivation, which depends on specific workplace and
Our survey of 1,423 Russian workers and managers revealed (1) the determinants
of the existing role standards in the work activity of Russian employees, (2) the role of
employees’ value dispositions in these processes, and (3) the importance of the socio-
economic conditions of specific jobs and occupations.
The findings confirm the dominance of materialistic values, although there are
significant differences in the actualization of values focused on personal development
within professional and industrial dimensions. We also find that the orientation towards self-
realization and professional development and the possibility of obtaining new knowledge
and skills are significantly associated with a positive normative model of individual work
behavior. Additionally, we reveal the considerable impact of the work content on the
demonstration of diligent and professional work. Finally, we find that true work motivation
is very much aligned with the norms and rules adopted in particular work environments.
The scientific importance.
Paper shows the results of the development of new methodological tools, based on diagnostics of work motivation, proved the principal possibility of diagnostics of motivation by obtaining subjective differences between motivational objects in space of evaluation scales.
Novelty and originality.
Paper presents original the original procedure of work motivationevaluation, involving the decision motivational tasks in the conditions of involuntary comparison of 16 motivational objects on 6 evaluation criteria.
The urgency of work motivation issues has increased during the transition from a command to a market economy in the early 1990s, when management principles have been changed. Modern trends of business development in Russia assume more and more companies which are interested in the effective management of human capital. Motivation is one of the most important parts of HR proceses in organization.
The scientific importance. Hypothesis that material stimulation has a strong impact on the more parameters of motivational space in the situation of employment then in situation of inclusion in work activities was proved.
Novelty and originality. To conduct the study computational method for diagnostics of work motivation "Motivational map" (developed and approbated by the authors) was used.
Relevance. The stimulation of workers is one of the priority directions in modern organizations. There are various tools of material and non-material motivation, but the performance management practice meets some difficulties, pointed out by organizational psychologists. The most controversial question of the relation between material and non-material motivation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.