A History of the North Atlantic Fisheries
This is the most comprehensive multivolume history of the North Atlantic fisheries This publication is a result of long term project of the North Atlantic fisheries historyThe fisheries have had a profound influence on the development of human societies in the North Atlantic region. Assuming countless forms over the ages, fishing activity has ranged across the vast expanse of an ocean that comprises a myriad of complex, dynamic and fragile ecosystems. In these diverse waters, an array of species has sustained the subsistence fishing of indigenous populations, the labour-intensive fisheries of medieval and early modern societies, and the highly capitalised industries of the contemporary world. Amidst this diversity, several common themes can be discerned. The fisheries have contributed significantly to human dietary requirements, generated income for those engaged in the catching, processing and marketing of fish products, and encouraged fishers – and their techniques, beliefs and cultures – to migrate to new lands in search of better catches and markets. Written by experts in the field, this book explores such themes to provide a pioneering region-wide appraisal of the scale, character and significance of the North Atlantic fisheries from the 1850s to the early twenty-first century.
This chapter is devoted to the history of fisheries in the Norwegian and Russian waters of the Barents Sea. Processes of industrialization of fisheries since 1850 are described. Environmental degradation of fisheries and history of its internationa management is briefly described.