Современное образование: содержание, технологии, качество. Материалы учебно-методической конференции
The 20th Anniversary of the Bologna Declaration is organised by the Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, jointly with the Italian Ministry for Education, Universities and Research, under the aegis of the Observatory of the Magna Charta Universitatum, the European University Association and the European Students’ Union. The Conference held in Bologna on 24-25 June 2019 is intended as an analytical as well as an agenda-setting contribution to the design of the Bologna Process and of the further developments of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) in the years to come. It aims at identifying important future challenges for universities and their role in society. The outcomes of this Conference will be input for the next EHEA Ministerial Conference, that will be held in Rome on 23-25 June 2020.Scholars, students and experts gather in Bologna to discuss the core values of the European Higher Education Area and develop a “vision” for the EHEA beyond 20
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.