Экономические и правовые аспекты оздоровления промышленных предприятий
This article analyzes some of the most common problems encountered in the practical implementation of the currently existing concept of Eminent Domain in the USA, namely, the problem of introducing into the legislation of basic definitions of the institute of condemnation of property in public interests, challenges of implementing the concept of just compensation, the complexity of the preliminary calculation of costs and profits, and specifics of judicial review . The author suggests that the causes of these difficulties to be found in imbalanced public and private interests, in hypertrophied economic feasibility in the activity of the legislative and the judiciary bodies. The priority attention of this acticle is paid to the consideration of remarkable judicial precedents in the course of elaboration of the definition of legality of actions aiming to seizure private property , as well as to the analysis of a number of legislative provisions on the regulation of this institute. Despite of two centuries of the experience, the American legislative model of regulation of the institute seizure of private land for public purposes (Eminent Domain) still contains a number of provisions that require reconsideration. It would be reprehensible to call them flaws, as regulation in the field in the specific historical conditions has always pursued a definite purpose. Conditions change , and therefore requires a revision of tools .
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.