Стратегические приоритеты социально-экономического развития Республик Северного Кавказа: пути и методы их достижения//Республика Дагестан, Чеченская Республика, Республика Ингушетия, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Карачаево-Черкесская Республика, Республика Адыгея
The article raises the problem of studying the borderland in the context of the new local history, the origin of which to postnonclassical model of science causes the task of constructing its object, which is, in particular, the borderland as a zone of intercultural communication. Shown the formation of new approaches of American historiography to the study of contact zones in the context of regional history and approval polycentricity; analyzed the possibility of transferring the principles of the study of the borderlands on the study of different regions with multi-ethnic / multicultural population. Focused attention on research practice study contact areas of the North Caucasus, which revealed the specifics of the local identity, due to the preservation of the social traditions of the highlanders, despite hard cultural assimilation. Specially analyzed the historiographical culture of the North Caucasus region as a result of inoculation of the European research model on the local folk traditions.
This article is dedicated to the problems of management of knowledge economy development at a regional level. International experience shows us successful examples of development of the economy in specific regions and cities. However, there are cases, which reveal the absence of progress in the development of the knowledge econ-omy. The study that we have conducted shows that measurement of the contribution of the knowledge economy to a region’s key performance indicators is the key problem for regional policy makers. The above indicators in-clude gross regional product, labour productivity, the level of salaries, and unemployment. Apparently, the issue of assessment of the knowledge economy is of a fundamental nature. The goal of our study is to review basic models of knowledge economy development, to analyze their evolution and to reveal the dependency of knowledge economy development on the methods and tools of its assessment.
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.
The European focus for the development of the North-western Federal District is a natural geopolitical factor for development of the district. The European vector of development of North-western Federal District is broken down into mechanisms for strategic territorial planning and management of the regional economy. Based on data of the Strategy of Social and Economic Development oFthe North-western Federal District until 2020, the analysis of principles of managementfor the Northern Dimension macro-region was conducted, which includes both the are of the Baltic Sea and territory of cross-border cooperation.Simultaneously, the European Union has developed the approach toThe Implementation of development strategy of the Baltic Sea. For the effective development of a single macro-region there cannot be two different strategies. The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate opportunities for coordination of two strategies and plans for their implementation followed by selection in accordance with the strategic development of the macro-region of the Baltic Sea States.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.