Полемическая культура и структура научного текста в Средние века и раннее Новое время
This monograph covers studies that aim to reconstruct the contextual history of argumentative practices in various areas of intellectual culture in Western European antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Early Modern period, including theological thought, science, scholastic philosophy, and humanistic literature. The authors discuss topics that are important for understanding European intellectual culture such as the argumentative structure of philosophical, scientific, and theological writings; communication modalities of philosophical and scientific knowledge; and genre-specific and logical-semantic features of philosophical and scientific polemics. The history of philosophical and scientific thought is presented as a series of transformations in philosophical and scientific argumentation, and as a history of the invention of new arguments and the recurrence of polemical practices. In their reconstruction of the historical and philosophical process, the authors seek to take into account multiple extra-theoretical factors (social, political, and institutional) influencing the development of philosophy and science. Concepts, theses, and ideas are analyzed in the context of their usage in the dominant forms of intellectual culture.
This article deals with the Suarez’ interpretation of the Aristotelian doctrine of the soul. Its originality lies not only in the fact that Suarez admits the active intellect as a natural ability of the soul, and thus the immortality of the soul, but also argues that when the soul is separated from the body, it retains its basic functions such as thinking and the ability to comprehend separated substances. This article presents a detailed analysis of the functioning of the active intellect and its interactions with other abilities of the soul that allow for the formation of an adequate knowledge of the separated substances.