Крупная корпорация как субъект публичной политики
In this book the phenomenon of rent is reconsidered as the foundation of the economic and political life of contemporary societies. The dominant economic theory is consistently excluding rental relations from the existing descriptions of contemporary societies, since rent exposes most clearly the mechanisms of hegemony of the ruling class. As a result, rent became a blind spot of economic theory, a phenomenon described as anachronism.
However, current trends in the global evolution of capitalism, market economy, and democracy indicate the strengthening of their rental grounds. The crisis of free markets, the transformation of labor society, the exclusion of man from all technological chains and the growth of politically determined inequalities in social groups reveal the contours of a new rental society that is being born here and now — in the shadow of capitalism, labor and democracy.
The book is addressed to economists, political scientists, sociologists, philosophers, as well as anyone interested in the problems of the sociopolitical development of the contemporary world and Russia.
The book is addressed to a broad audience interested in political studies, sociology and political economy.
In the framework of the 75th anniversary celebration history faculty at the Voronezh State University at November 2015, department of Sociology and Political Science was held a «round table» with the participation of employers. It was about the role of sociology and political science in the preparation of modern specialists. It were discussed a lot of serious problems that exist today in the Russian system of higher education and the ways and methods of their solution.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.