Annual Review of Comparative and International Education 2020
Comparative and international education-related research is increasingly being integrated into the educational agenda of the countries of the global south. The global demand for being international and internationalizing drives universities across the world to bring an international aspect to their research whether it is learning from educational developments in other parts of international knowledge system or focusing their research activities on the periphery of that system. While this exchange of knowledge is a promising trend for enhancing comparative and international education-related research and reaching out to those areas that were previously isolated from the international knowledge exchange, the question that arises is whether the research findings reach those who can benefit from them the most – those who work in the field? This is especially relevant to the countries where English is not the first language. This essay discusses the issue of communicating research outcomes to the field using the example of Kazakhstan.
Introduction: Assessing Student Learning Outcomes in Higher Education Until the last decade, objective information on student learning and student learning outcomes in higher education at the national and international levels was scarce. This area was largely underrepresented in comparison to other areas of formal education such as school. In the context of current developments in higher education such as internationalization of study programs and ever-increasing student mobility and the ensuing increase in heterogeneity of students’ learning conditions, the need for objective, valid, and reliable assessment tools that adhere to the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing set out by the American Educational Research Association (AERA) has become urgent. This has led to intense research efforts being made within and across many countries, which are of great practical and political importance. This book presents the most significant of these initiatives and developments in order to highlight the tremendous work national and international research communities have done in this area over the past decade. A broad range of national and international assessment research projects and curricular innovation initiatives in higher education focusing on both domain-specific and generic student learning outcomes are presented in this volume. Results and lessons learned from various research programs such as the German Modeling and Measuring Competencies in Higher Education (KoKoHs) and feasibility studies such as the Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes (AHELO; an international comparative study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) of students’ generic skills and economic and engineering competencies) form the basis of several ongoing initiatives by testing institutes to make assessments suitable for use in higher education abroad. Examples include the Educational Testing Service’s (ETS) Heighten Outcomes assessment and the Council for Aid to Education’s (CAE) Collegiate Learning Assessment CLA+. At the European level, the CALOHEE initiative on Measuring and Comparing Achievements of Learning Outcomes in Higher Education in Europe aims to develop a joint basis for learning outcomes in higher education as well as curricula in five disciplines, including education. One of the most current international initiatives, the International Collaborative for Performance Assessment of Learning in Higher Education (iPAL), focuses on developing performance assessments of learning that meet high standards in psychometric quality criteria and are suitable for use at higher education institutions across nations. The compilation of this work in the present book shows where we stand today and the progress that has been made in this field of research with newly developed theoretically conceptualized approaches to modeling and measurement instruments for empirical studies. It also illustrates which issues have not yet been thoroughly addressed by the – indeed very active – research community measuring student learning in higher education. Therefore, this book offers a sound basis for further research, highlighting the current challenges and future perspectives in measuring learning and learning outcomes in higher education we need to deal with in the next decades.
The article is devoted to describing the current language and media situation in Kazakhstan. The author focuses on the status of the Russian language, Russian speaking and Russian mass media as soft power instruments of Russian foreign policy in the post-Soviet space. The national language and information policies aimed at limiting Russia's influence is also considered.
This paper analyzes Belarus energy system, relations between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia in the framework of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space. The consequences of the recent political crisis in Ukraine will inevitably lead to the review of the relations between the European Union and Russia. In these new conditions, the members of the Common Economic Space of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia must develop a new concept of energy security. This new concept should allow to decrease substantially the influence of the export of hydrocarbons on the economic development of abovementioned countries, thus increasing the competitiveness of their national economies. As a first measure, the members of the Eurasian Union should create the single energy market
In article results of preliminary forecasting of social and economic consequences of creation of the customs union with participation of the Russian Federation, Byelorussia and Republic Kazakhstan by means of computer economic-mathematical model of the general balance Global trade analysis project (GTAP) are resulted.
NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES: Collection of materials of the V Congress of Sociologists of Turkic-speaking countries
Present research is the first conducted in Kazakhstan to address the issue of volunteer management directly. At a time when the nonprofit sector has become a reality in Kazakhstan, improving its performance, scope, and reach depends on sound volunteer management practices. The purpose of this research is to learn about existing practices of volunteer administration in Kazakhstan and their implementation. To carry out the research, we implemented a survey of nonprofit organizations in Almaty, the largest city in Kazakhstan.
The reports of national and foreign scholars have been included to the proceedings of the international conference dedicted to the 550th anniversary of the Kazakh Khanate. The actual topics on formation, growth and fall of the first nation-state in Central Asia - the Kazakh Khanate were presented in conjunction with the history of our established new state.
This is a review of issues and problems, including cross-border disputes, arising during customs examination and sampling in the Russian Federation and the European Union. The Customs Union of the Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan, and the Republic of Belarus was formed in accordance with the Agreement of 6 October 2007. This article provides some concrete examples of cross-border disputes in comparison to similar problems that have arisen in the EU, particularly in the Netherlands. Based on this review, we will conclude with some suggestions to improve the handling of cross-border disputes arising from customs examinations and sampling.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.