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## MMRIST 2020 Models and Methods for Researching Information Systems in Transport 2020 A method for evaluating geo-environmental technologies based on a weighted convolution of partial performance criteria in the Mathlab environment

TThe present paper proposes a model for evaluating geo-ecological protection technologies based on multi-criteria optimization and weighted convolution criteria, on the basis of which the method of calculation is developed, allowing to determine the PQ factor for different objects according to the selected technologies using the Mathlab environment. The work demonstrated the application of the technique in the case of materials made of ash foam concrete with densities and ash content from the incineration of sewage sludge. The determination of the optimum composition of solopenobeton is relevant for the design of noise shields in railway transport. The proposed simulation algorithm in the Matlab environment makes it possible to use the procedure of processing the raw data, using several options of their input: in the form of tables of the format. csv or manual input.

An approach to modeling is proposed, where the airplane is considered as a system with a minimal set of basic material points, and its mathematical description is given. We construct the mathematical model of the conventional airplane with an adequate accuracy for evaluation calculations in creating the control system. The flight simulation software for the Yak-52 and NG-4 airplanes is developed in MATLAB and the modeling results are analyzed.

The purpose of the work is to draw attention to the possibility of improving the quality of decision-making in the context of the transition to a digital economy. The problem is related to the optimization of transportation supply according to the multi-criteria choice of the best route. The paper discusses aspects of the elimination of undesirable phenomenon related to the inconsistency of the nature of the indicators of particular criteria. The study proposes to eliminate it by the following methods: 1) based on the transition to generalized data; 2) based on a synthesis of analytical hierarchy processes and traditional selection criteria. The research shows that the transition to generalized data can lead to other undesirable aspects of inadequate choice. It may turn out that one of the particular criteria will not affect the best choice in the format of the minimax selection criterion procedures. In such situations it is considered to use a synthesis of traditional selection criteria procedures with analytical hierarchy processes, in which these undesirable situations do not arise.

The paper presents an approach to determine the best solution for multi-criteria problem of goods distribution in the separate parts of warehouse network links. The approach is based on simulation using the methods of linear programming (to minimize the costs of played random demand values), and using the analytic hierarchy process - to accommodate the preferences of the decision maker.

The article is dedicated to implementation and evaluation of a model for simulation of emergency situations on main gas pipeline. Data produced by model was compared to data obtained from real emergency situations on main gas pipeline. Result of this work is the model built using MATLAB Simulink software that can be used for datasets generation, which are useful for artificial neural networks training.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.