К Великому океану: хроника поворота на Восток. Сборник докладов Валдайского клуба
The author argues that the current state of international relations can be characterized as a new Cold War with Eurasia emerging as its major battlefield and at the same time as a second, non-Western pole of a new confrontation. The reason for it is that the United States and some European countries are trying to reverse the decline of their dominance which they have enjoyed over the past five hundred years. The current situation is much more dangerous than it used to be during the previous Cold War, but this attempt will most likely prove futile. While the world comes through a period of intensifying competition, it will stimulate reformatting of the global geopolitical, geo-economic, and geo-ideological space. The authors assume that the evolution of the international system goes in the direction of a new bipolarity, where Eurasia will play a role of a new geostrategic and economic pole, while the West, probably limited by “Greater America” will become another one. In this new international reality, the U.S. will drift from the status of superpower to the position of an important global center of power. However, at the moment the contours of Greater Eurasia are only beginning to take shape.
For the 5th year running, New Perspectives is proud to exclusively publish the English-language version of the IMEMO (Russian Academy of Sciences) 'Russia and the World' Forecast. The 2019 edition focuses on what the Russian Foreign Policy elite see as key issues related to 'Disorder, Power and Resistance' in international affairs. The IMEMO experts highlight difficulties within as well as between what they see as the world's great powers - but also point to the significant cracks in the frameworks that aim to constrain them and regulate their conduct. They point especially to the faltering Arms Control regime, which they see as priority - and problem - no1. The IMEMO report also highlights significant internal challenges for Russia's leadership, ranging from the structural problems of the economy to rising political discontent. For all the critique of others tossed out by the Russian leadership, this forecast shows why Russians may still be envious of conditions elsewhere - and Russia's leaders of other countries' problems.
Nature preservation and nature protection should become an important component of the Russian national idea, its mission both for itself and for the world, an important element of the Russian international identity. At the same time international cooperation in nature protection should become a positive contribution of Russia to the world development, a component of its international attractiveness and authority.
The current trends in international relations and the national characteristics of Russia, its competitive advantages, as well as its internal and external challenges, require the development and implementation of a new domestic and foreign policy in the field of nature protection and its transformation into one of the priorities of the national and foreign policy.
Environmental problems are becoming one of the primary issues in international relations, along with international security and economic development. The COVID-19 pandemic has only reinforced this trend.
The environmental and climate agenda has both consolidating and dividing potential. On the one hand, it can become one of the few agendas that can unite the most diverse countries in terms of values, models of political and economic development, foreign policy orientation, and establish a dialogue and cooperation between them, even if their relations with each other are generally unfriendly.
On the other hand, climate and environmental issues are becoming an increasingly important part – both a tool and a factor – of this competition. The approaches to combating climate change that are being promoted by Western countries, primarily the EU, are largely discriminatory, they reinforce the economic dominance of the West and the backwardness of developing countries, and therefore only provoke increased international competition.
The current environmental policy of Russia is not sufficiently active and does not fully meet the challenges of the time, the sharp increase in the importance of the environment in the world economy and international relations, its transformation into a factor of competition, as well as the close fusion of the environmental agenda with the economic and technological one.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.