В тени официальной экономики: видимое и невидимое в российской практике
A problem of the boundaries of counterfeit phenomenon not coinciding in consumers, lawmakers and possessor of rights' minds is discussed in this paper. It contains systemized date on the scale of counterfeit business and barriers on the way of a contra counterfeit policy. There also are generalized suggestions of authority bodies and possessor of rights about the ways of fight with counterfeit.
This monograph is devoted to the institutional analysis of informal employment in the modern world. The development of views on the institute of informal employment is considered, global trends in the development of the shadow economy at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries are shown. The advantage of the monograph is a detailed analysis of Russian practice. The author studies the sources of informal employment in modern Russia, reveals the content and main forms, as well as development prospects in our country. The authors show that the reduction in transaction costs is the main direction of reducing informal employment in Russia. In the design of the book used photos of the authors. Designed for teachers of economic universities and faculties, graduate students and undergraduates, as well as all interested in topical issues of modern economics.
In the next chapter of the textbook on economic comparative studies explores the process of nationalization of the economy and the emergence of administrative and planning system in the USSR, analyzes form deficit economy and the peculiarities of the black market in a command economy.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.