Digital Transformation & Global Society 2019 (DTGS 2019). Revised Selected Papers.
This two volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Digital Transformation and Global Society, DTGS 2019, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in June 2019.
The question if the Open Government Partnership (OGP), launched in 2011, has any impact on policies and institutions in its member-states, re-mains open. Despite several case studies revealing modest achievements of OGP to improve governance, little research has been done so far to explore this puzzle in general, using statistical means. Addressing this gap, this pilot study analyzes the impact of OGP membership on the quality of governance. Using policy feedback theory and Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling (BSEM), we have discovered that OGP might have an indirect influence on the govern-ance quality via the development of civic participation, government transparen-cy and feedback mechanisms.
Information from users’ profiles on social networking sites is an important data source for analysis of the users’ psychological characteristics. Texts, video and audio files, images, public pages can be easily accessible and analyzed. We consider the ways of estimating the users’ psychological characteristics on the base of his or her profile in the social network VKontakte. We compare different machine learning models for the analysis of user's texts, such as linear regression, decision trees, random forest, support vector machine with linear, radial and sigmoidal kernels. Also we discussed the possible further stages of research including the sentiment analysis for better text description, the analysis of profile photo, and, finally, ways of combining all steps for estimating psychological characteristics of social networks users.
Proceedings of a meeting held 21-22 November 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The current level of maintaining and developing the effectiveness of process stakeholders has become a technologically demanding task involving ever-increasing costs. The belief that the upcoming digital transformation (DT) will represent a panacea is misguided since DT requires fundamental re-education and a restructuring of all process environments and human factors. Regardless of the business sector, DT is expected to accelerate as technology advances; new entrants and new forms of business partnerships change all the rules of the current stream.
The work is devoted to the topical issues of practical implementation of digital transformation services in the economic processes of transport, foreign and mutual trade in the digital economy. The authors analyze the strategic planning documents adopted recently in the EAEU countries, which provide for measures aimed at stimulating the development of digital technologies and their use in various sectors of the economy, including the program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation". Emphasis is placed on the fact that there is no definition of "digital economy" in the approved policy document, which focuses on the development of purely infrastructural elements of the new economic order. The authors, noting the service nature of the transport industry, propose a new principle of priority implementation of innovative digital management mechanisms in transport processes: first, the construction of new digital services, then - the creation or integration of infrastructure necessary to ensure them.
Digital business transformation is a priority for Russian companies in all industries. To develop a company to its full value in the digital environment, it should include an IT department capable of meeting business needs. Evaluation of the current state of the IT department in terms of digital transformation will determine the company’s potential for further development. This article presents a solution to the problem of assessing the IT department’s readiness for digital business transformation by developing a quantitative assessment of the maturity level of the IT department processes for meeting the needs of the enterprise. The approach to solving this problem consists in the joint use of models for assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise as a whole and models for assessing the maturity of the IT department processes and herein is the scientific novelty of the results obtained. At the first stage of the study, based on the analysis of modern information and digital management practices, as well as on the study of approaches to assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise and the processes of the IT department, INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN BUSINESS 64 BUSINESS INFORMATICS No. 2(44) – 2018 we developed the requirements for the IT department maturity model of digital business transformation. The study identified the prospects for IT departments that affect its maturity level, developed a model for quantifying each perspective and a model for calculating the minimum level of maturity of the IT department to achieve the expected assessment of the company’s digital maturity. To assess the willingness of IT departments to digitally transform business, a regression equation of IT department maturity level is constructed from the influencing prospects (factors). The results of approbation of the model are presented.
The article demonstrates that the extent and mode of adolescent participation in social networks have changed with the rapid development of social media technologies. If, at the time when they were first introduced, social networks complemented direct communication and were studied as a separate additional space, now, because of the development of mobile technologies, direct and indirect communications have merged to form a single space. This is reflected in the fact that adolescents have a hard time distinguishing between these spaces in their responses to surveys. This reality, which we discovered during the course of our study, indicates that the methodology that is used to study both the communication of adolescents and the social networks themselves should be revised. Social networks have integrated themselves into the lives of schoolchildren, though their potential for education and the question of how they can be integrated into the education system have been totally ignored. In fact, our study has confirmed the existence of a new, third wave of the computerization of education. This one is not being conducted from the top down, as was true of the two previous ones (which occurred in the 1980s and 2000s), in which state goals for the computerization of the school system led to transformations at the level of the individual schools. Rather, users are instigating this new revolution, and the formal structures are being forced to respond. It has turned out that the system of education is not prepared for such a situation, and as a result teachers and administrators are imposing unjustified and easily violated bans on the use of personal devices. As a consequence, students are becoming increasingly alienated from school.
Structuring, or, as it is referred to in the title of this book, the art of structuring, is one of the core elements in the discipline of Information Systems. While the world is becoming increasingly complex, and a growing number of disciplines are evolving to help make it a better place, structure is what is needed in order to understand and combine the various perspectives and approaches involved. Structure is the essential component that allows us to bridge the gaps between these different worlds, and offers a medium for communication and exchange.
The contributions in this book build these bridges, which are vital in order to communicate between different worlds of thought and methodology – be it between Information Systems (IS) research and practice, or between IS research and other research disciplines. They describe how structuring can be and should be done so as to foster communication and collaboration. The topics covered reflect various layers of structure that can serve as bridges: models, processes, data, organizations, and technologies. In turn, these aspects are complemented by visionary outlooks on how structure influences the field.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.