Цивилизация, или Война миров
At the first sight, it seems that the word “civilization” has been part of everyday language for quite a long time. Meanwhile it is almost the opposite: the concept of “civilization” appears in European languages only in the second half of the XVIII century, and it was first used in Russian as late as 1830. In this book we are trying to answer several questions: what has triggered the “invention” of a new term by European thinkers? Why for a long time did Russian politicians and political writers dispense with the concept of “civilization” but by the end of 1820s feel a sudden need to use it? What is the historical relationship between the two competing concepts “civilization” and “culture”? When and how did thinkers start dwelling upon a special “Russian civilization”?