Communications in Computer and Information Science
Boosting motivation is a challenging task on the way of additional productivity, especially considering new generations Y and Z. In this paper we combine set of methods from process management, pedagogics and psychology to develop an interactive gamification process and test it for generations Y and Z currently studying in the leading Russian university. The efficiency of approach is demonstrated on several models and authors suggest ways how to implement them.
The main idea of the article written in the genre of the philosophical satire is the search for an answer to the question of the possibility of theories in an age of a triumph of empiricism and positivism. Reflecting on the problems of education in the modern world, the author refers to the recently published book of Richard Pohl «Plato as a teacher. Plato’s Renaissance and Antimodernism in Germany (1890–1933)». The book tells how, while solving the tasks of a nation building and the transformation of Germany into the intellectual and cultural center of all mankind, the state educational machine of the German Empire used Plato and his doctrine of «eternal forms» for the needs of education. In addition, the book analyzes a very noteworthy phenomenon of «German neo-Platonism», which arose in the late XIX – early XX century and represented by a variety of schools – from the neo-Kantians to the circle of Stefan Gheorghe, each of which had its own concept of Plato. The author notes that Plato’s philosophy is also actualized in the modern times. But does this mean that Plato can become a «staple» for culture and a symbol of education in the current conditions? And is it possible today to restore the authentic image of Plato, or does each era re-imagines the philosopher in its own way?
In this monograph I consider the role of institutional entrepreneurs –“projectors” in transferring organizational forms and building new secular school in Russia in the first half of the 18th century. During the period from the beginning of Peter I’s reforms until the accession of Catherine II, the institutional landscape of education in Russia has changed quite drastically. Pre-Petrine and the early Petrine schools were, in essence, pre-modern institutions: a “school” was conceived as a set of students gathering around an autonomous “master”-teacher and his "apprentices". By the time of Catherine II’s accession, however, Russia had a number of recognizably modern schools that differed little in their structure from the classical schools of the 19th century. These institutions were regulated by written instructions mandating, among other things hierarchical organization of faculty and staff; functional delineation of duties; regulation of the learning process and daily behavior of pupils and teachers; formal procedures for assessing and monitoring the students’ achievements and conduct. These schools were designed not just for training, but for achieving internalization by pupils of prescribed patterns of behavior and thinking to be attained through detailed modeling of their daily life and special organization of school space, including a pupil’s isolation from the outside world and constant monitoring. Separate chapters of the book to come out as a result of this project are devoted to the key episodes of implementing these new organizational forms. In the process, we propose a model of constructing the institutional landscape of modernity “from below,” not as the product of abstract “state policy,” but as an outcome of diverse efforts of individual actors, “institutional entrepreneurs,” for whom the introduction of these new organizational forms was a means to realize their own career strategies in competition with other courtiers and bureaucratic players. In the course of this project, we reconstruct the process of transfer of new organizational forms in education in Russia in the first half of the 18th century; demonstrate the role of key players in this process, their motivations, the social, financial, administrative and symbolic resources available to them, and their modes of action; reveal the competitive environment in which they operated; clarify the role of the monarch and the state apparatus in introduction of new organizational forms; identify factors affecting sustainability of new organizational forms. As a result, we propose a model and typology of institutional entrepreneurship as applied to early modern period and demonstrate its relevance to a wide range of countries beyond Russia.
The present study investigates the negotiation of students’ identities as well as the role of language in the process of ethnic identity construction of adolescent Georgian migrants in the Moscow secondary school (with a Georgian ethno-cultural component) following the sociocultural linguistic identity theoretical framework (Bucholtz and Hall, 2005) and the translanguaging theory (Garcia and Li Wei, 2015). It is argued that students construct multiple identities by enacting their multilingual repertoire in order to integrate into the dominant Russian society, but also to maintain their Georgian ethnic and cultural allegiance. In addition, teachers frequently facilitate the task by resorting to translanguaging techniques in order to get the meaning of the lesson across. In addition, based on the obtained results, I argue that the school’s administration as well as ethnic Georgian teachers play an active and crucial role in promoting and/or maintaining the Georgian language, culture and identity of the students, on the one hand and facilitating smooth integration, on the other.
The paper addresses the questions of data science education of current importance. It aims to introduce and justify the framework that allows flexibly evaluate the processes of a data expedition and a digital media created during it. For these purposes, the authors explore features of digital media artefacts which are specific to data expeditions and are essential to accurate evaluation. The rubrics as a power but hardly formalizable evaluation method in application to digital media artefacts are also discussed. Moreover, the paper documents the experience of rubrics creation according to the suggested framework. The rubrics were successfully adopted to two data-driven journalism courses. The authors also formulate recommendations on data expedition evaluation which should take into consideration structural features of a data expedition, distinctive features of digital media, etc.
The purpose of the present study is to use analytical activities while reading a literary text to influence the personality of a foreign language learner. The teacher’s tasks are not only to facilitate perceiving, comprehending, memorizing or reproducing processes, but to foreground personal capacities of deep understanding, rethinking and reconsidering as well as to empower reflecting and self-reflecting. The research uses multi-paradigmatic and interdisciplinary approaches; general scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison, hypothesis method); communicative methods. Research materials are reading assignments, practical activities and exercises being used to analyze English and French literary texts: lexical and semantic analysis, contextual analysis as well as project methodology. Only at the meta-cognitive level the student's reflexive and critical thinking characteristics can be effectively influenced or formed to learn more about their personal nature and essence, their own creative and analytical skills. The student should be able to reflect whether or not he/she comprehends the key ideas of the given literary text, its structure, the motivation of the characters. Such activities are transformed into self-assessment activities performing self-educational, self-improving and self-discipling functions. In that sense, the implementation of meta-cognitive strategies gains more and more importance.