Заботы и дни секунд-майора Алексея Ржевского: Записная книжка (1755–1759)
New volume in the “New sources on the history of Russia. Rossica Inedita” series presents a previously unpublished and unknown to scholars set of documents — letters, diary entries, and diverse notes — found in the notebook of Aleksei Ivanovich Rzhevsky, major of the Shirvan Infantry Regiment. Covering the period of 1755–1759, Rzhevsky’s papers reflect the life of a mid-ranking officer and the realities of service in the rear of the Russian army during the Seven Years War; the author’s extensive social contacts; and his dealings with his relatives. These documents are especially valuable as they, uniquely for that period, also include Rzhevsky’s extensive descriptions of his many physical afflictions and the methods of (self) treatment he resorted to, in addition to his emotional states and love affairs.
This book is intended for scholars working in the fields of history and cultural studies, as well as for all readers interested in history.
In this article history of university periodicals is approached as a history of practices of state administration, self-regulation of university corporation, professional self-organization, and normalization of different aspects of the university life. Research for this article has been carried out in the archives of Moscow University and Kazan University, and in the manuscript divisions of these universities’ libraries, as well as in the Archive of the Ministry of Public Education. Documents preserved in these collections reveal intentions of the publishers and circumstances surrounding the appearance of various periodicals in the first half of the nineteenth century. Another group of historical sources analyzed in this article consists of publications in university periodicals themselves. The authors show how the state policies regulating the market of the university press, on the one hand, and initiatives of university professors, on the other, influenced the configuration of the corporation of the university faculty, its internal hierarchies and accepted criteria of academic excellence. The article seeks to answer the question how politics and content of university journalism stimulated academic competition and created reputations.
The key thesis of the article is that the epoch, defined by the American Marxist Fredric Jameson as postmodern, can be characterized as a “sense of the end”. And since Jameson himself in his book “Postmodernism, or the cultural logic of late capitalism” does not thoroughly analyze the discussions about the end of history, ideology, etc., the author does it instead of him to conrm or overturn this thesis. Considering the key concepts of the discussions that took place in social, cultural and political theory (the end of ideology, the end of art, the end of social, the end of history), the author traces their relationship with the term postmodern and discovers between the concepts not always noticeable, sometimes too fine, but still strong connections. As a result, it is concluded that these discussions, despite the fact that they took place in completely difierent areas of social knowledge, create “polarities” and form a single discursive space, which can be characterized as a “discursive field of postmodern”. The completion of the discussions at the beginning of the XXI century shows the transition from the postmodern to a new stage of intellectual history.
This publication is intended for a wide audience, especially historians, political scientists, cultural scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and journalists.
In this paper we attempt to reconstruct the evolution of ideas in the studies of Soviet and post-Soviet Russian Orientalists about the Republic of Tripolitania, which existed on the territory of the modern State of Libya in 1918-1923. Based on the analysis of historiographic materials, we identified the main stages in the development of research in this area, as well as problematic issues and approaches to their comprehension. Specific examples show how changes in the sociopolitical context in the Russia and Libya, as well as the dynamics of interstate relations, influenced the transformation of ideas about the Tripolitan republic and its role in the history of Libya in the 20th century.