Универсальные компетентности и новая грамотность: чему учить сегодня для успеха завтра. Предварительные выводы международного доклада о тенденциях трансформации школьного образования
Hi-tech innovative alliances tend to have more key sustainable competitive advantages in comparison with those out of alliance, especially because alliances allow the companies to switch through the partners the financial burdens and intellectual investments in innovations. BRIC make an important input into Gross World Production and its hi-tech industries grow faster than others over developing countries. However companies of these industries still lack internal resources of innovative and technological facilities, e.g. Russian companies, because of that alliances (usually, international anв transnational) acquire more and more popularity. Alliances give the access towards resources and competences of the direct and indirect partners. The paper describes the empirical evidence of alliances efficiency factors and its influence on the high-tech companies of India and China. This evidence can be replicable to some extent and useful to the development of Russian companies. According to the testing results it is possible to assume, that efficiency of alliances has the significant impact on the corporate value in the mid-term. The crisis has significant impact on the observable dependencies.
Development of the human capital of modern adult population in many respects identified by the level of attained education. Educational projects of OECD, and in particular the PIAAC (The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies), shows considerable influence of achievements in core competencies on follow-up professional activity, including specialists of working professions, that have gained primary secondary vocational education degree.
This paper analyzes the impact of disruptive technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), big data, the internet of things, and blockchain, upon conventional banking professions and skill sets. Our conclusions are based upon a large array of data collected over the course of a survey of highly qualified personnel conducted in 2017-2018 using text mining, case studies, and expert interviews. The changing requirements for workers and their competencies were assessed taking into account the level of technological development (including the use of relevant products and services by Russian and international companies) as well as the probability of certain professional skills being substituted by automated solutions in the medium term. The results indicate that the impact of technologies upon various functional segments of banks’ operations is varied. While most of the analyzed professions are evolving towards broader functionality, others are sliding into the “obsolete” group. In the next few years, automated systems will take full responsibility for data collection and its initial analysis, though they will not replace bank personnel fully given that they simply remain tools that help boost workers’ productivity and efficiency, extend the information base, accelerate decision-making, cut costs, and reduce risks.
The article focuses on problems of key competences identification of university graduates in the view of existing approaches to definitions of “competence” and “key competence”. The authors consider the results of self-identification of key competences by university graduates and found out the more important groups of competences.