Перспективы экономической глобализации
The forecast covers the period up to 2035. It describes dynamic trends that will shape the future of the world during the nearest 20 years. The aim of this study is to foresee the challenges awaiting the world and the forthcoming opportunities which can be used in the interests of the Russian state, ensuring its role as an active participant in the formation of the future world order. The book presents a general analysis of the main trends of world development, its spiritual culture, ideology, politics, innovation, economy, social sphere and interna tional security, the problems of globalization and regionalism. The final section of the book presents strategic recommendations for Russia. Prospective readers of this book include staff members of government institutions and management bodies, research, expert and business communities. It also may be recommended for student scholars of international affairs.
The authors argue that Russian-Chinese rapprochement is a fundamental feature of the current changing system of international relations. The two countries are effectively enabling each other to conduct independent foreign policies often in direct opposition to the West. There is a degree of complementarity between the two sides with Russia having comparative advantage in the military, intelligence and diplomatic fi elds and China being an economic superpower. The region of Central Asia which, as some Western authors have expected, could become the hotpoint of the RussianChinese rivalry. Yet in reality it became the cradle of the two countries’ cooperation which is now affecting a wide range of international issues. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has emerged as the main platform for Russian-Chinese cooperation in Central Asia. After India and Pakistan joined the SCO in 2017 it is evolving into a mechanism of RussianChinese cooperation not only in Central Asia but in the IndoPacifi c as a whole. The Korean peninsula is another important area of coordination between Moscow and Beijing in the AsiaPacifi c. Russia and China have also been working on increasing interoperability of their military forces in the region since mid 2000s. Technically they have already done a great job for preparing ground for a military alliance. However, politically they do not appear to be ready for that yet.
Nobel prize winner I. Prigogine stands for peace, against the arms race, against the use of science for destruction of man and humanity. In his opinion, in the sphere of human capabilities it is essential to change the trajectory of civilization development. At the bifurcation points, unprecedented changes are possible. Instability is not a sign of weakness, but of the vitality of the system. Globalization should not mean unification, but pluralism and diversity of cultures. Science of the future needs to give a systematic explanation ofmegaera and microcosm. A sign of hope is that interest in studying nature and the desire to participate in cultural life has never been greater than today. We do not need any "post-humanity". Man, as he is today, with all his problems, joys and sorrows, is able to understand this and to keep himself in the next generations. The challenge is to find a narrow path between globalization and preservation of cultural pluralism, between violence and political solutions, between the culture of war and the culture of reason.
In this commentary on the special issue, it is argued that the studies presented illustrate three pivotal characteristics of a new, evolving paradigm to study the consequences of prolonged intercultural encounters, such as globalization. The first refers to the topics studied and involves the need to delineate more distal, universal,andmoreproximal,culture-specific elements in intercultural encountersnthesetopics.Thesecondistheneedtodealwithvariationinintensityand focus of intercultural contact, ranging from casual contact to immersion. The third involves the need to delineate the psychological mechanisms involved in intercultural contact (and their consequences). The studies in the special issue illustrate the importance of including contextual features in the study of globalization. Challenges of the evolving paradigm are described.
This Handbook explores the multifaceted linkages between two of the most important socioeconomic phenomena of our time: globalisation and migration. Both are on the rise, increasing in size and scope worldwide, and this Handbook offers the necessary background knowledge and tools to understand how population flows shape, and are shaped by, economic and cultural globalisation. Through central themes which correspond to the four domains of human life – politics, economics (separated into trade and development, and the global division of labour), culture and family life – expert authors from five continents highlight the interdependence between migration and globalisation, and explore the mutual impact of economic, social and political globalisation on international population flows. They also investigate how migrants themselves become agents of the globalisation process. With accessible language that guides the reader easily through complex issues, this Handbook makes an ideal resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and academics interested in migration, ethnicity, development, international relations and international economics.
Increased and diversified tensions in Russian-Western relations and first Russian-American relations are not only а result of propaganda pressure. They also reflex a number of conflicting realities of the contemporary system of international political and economic relations that involve Russia as an important player. The role of Russia is especially noticeable now that the process of development of the architecture of a new global system is underway. Hostile or confrontational position of Russia could be a major risk as well as a factor that can change the strategic context of the global competition. The emerging system looks much different from the one that formed the basis on which the world developed during the last 30 years. In that environment a potential hostile position of Russia is regarded as a major risk. But the active involvement of Russia into most important recent global economic and political developments prevents the situation of surpassing the limits of the «non-zero sum game»
This article describes the globalization – the most important process in modern economy across all countries. Does it have positive or negative economic consequences for France and its future? The origin of globalization, financial competition between European countries, protectionism measures and development strategy of countries until year 2020 are key questions raised by the article. The author invites the professional community to consider specific development measures of the France economy in the EU, in the context of increasing globalization.
In the research study, covering the period up to 2035, is characterized by fundamental trends, under the influence of which formed the shape of the world in 20 years. The prediction task is to identify the world, the challenges and opportunities that can be used in the interests of Russia, ensuring her the role of an active participant in the development of the rules of the future world order. There is the broad analysis of trends of world development in the areas of ideas and ideology, politics, innovation as well as economics, social sphere and international security, the challenges of globalization and regionalism. The final section of the book deals with strategic recommendations for Russia. For employees of government and management, scientific, expert and business community. Will be useful to students majouring in international Affairs.