Сборник научных трудов IX Московской международной конференции по исследованию операций (ORM - 2018)
This volume comprises the proceedings of the IX Moscow International Conference on Operations Research (ORМ 2018 – Germeyer100) in the scope of fundamental research and applications of decision-making theory under uncertainty, operations research in multiple areas as well as numerical methods of operations research. The conference is devoted to the centenary of the outstanding Soviet scientist, professor Yuri Germeyer who contributed greatly to the development of mathematical foundations of the decision making theory and played a key role in the formation of the domestic school of operations research and the game theory. The reports demonstrate a further and profound development of the Germeyer scientific school.
The article gives an overview of the main approaches to verification of the internal rating methods of analysis of the creditworthiness. The article gives practical advice on the application of these techniques by an example of real internal rating technique.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.