Сравнительная политология: трансформация мирового порядка, региональных режимов и государственности
The publication is a collection of articles prepared by the participants of the special section of the Russian Association of Political Science held within the framework of the VII RAMI Convention on September 28-29, 2012. The publication reflects the range of problems that were discussed during the section.
The textbook is devoted to the historical, theoretical and applied aspects of modern comparative political science and to the characteristics of the practices of political and comparative studies. The publication presents a wide panorama of the thematic diversity and methodological tools of this subdiscipline of political science and is focused on the formation of practical skills in comparative analysis. The uniqueness of the publication is determined by the synthesis of the institutional and analytical-country approaches: the theoretical and methodological approaches of comparative political science presented in the first part are applied to the analysis of the modern world, varying in character and scale, from major to microstate states.
The textbook reveals the main trends and problems of the development of modern comparative political science. Particular attention is paid to the methodological and methodological issues of comparative analysis in political science, the correlation of qualitative and quantitative approaches to the study of modern political institutions and processes in different countries, the measuring instrument for studying democracy, institutional designs of states, political parties, electoral systems, federations, public policy. The work contains extensive empirical material. The book is intended for students of higher education institutions studying in the direction of "Political Science", and all those interested in the political development of various countries of the modern world. Has the neck of the Educational and Methodological Association.
Relations between Russia and the West have reached their lowest point since the Cold War. Unfortunately we cannot be sure that they won’t deteriorate even further. It is time to start to mend ties, but the only consensus view shared by both sides is that business as usual is not an option. The relationship cannot be restored; it should be rebuilt. To do this, we first need to reassess the entire international atmosphere, what happened to the relationship, and how it can be transformed based on new realities.
Our epoch is inseparably connected with revolutionary technological, social and political changes which herald the transition to the new post-industrial civilization. This civilization transit is the third one in the history of humankind. It has a number of peculiarities that are not completely clear and thus require scientific description and analysis. The present-day post-industrial transit opens up huge possibilities for the development of humankind but simultaneously generates new challenges. It seems important to find these challenges and try to predict possible ways of overcoming them. Another considerable problem is interaction between the civilization of the planet whose development accelerates due to tendencies for universalization characteristic of post-industrial transit and local civilizations. The way it exists nowadays and the prospects of this interaction in the future, and also the question of whether local civilizations will be preserved in the future, all these issues are of considerable scientific interest.
The problems and issues above form the object of consideration in this report. The prognostic frame of the report is limited by the next 15-20 years as the end of this period will be characterized by the time of technological revolution which may change the biological basics of human existence. All that will mean formation of a radically new civilization on our planet whose contours are not even visible right now. According to the well-known British physicist, Stephen Hawking, “computers will overtake people…over the next 100 years” and “development of full artificial intelligence may spell the end of human race.”
Nonism refers to the attitude of whoever is neither for nor against a given issue.Midway between affirmation and denial, or truth and falsity, the nonist says neither "yes" nor "no" and intrigues by his lack of clear answer to any related question. What does (s)he say, if any, and what is the sense of such an attitude? Through the special case of politics, three sorts of nonists are depicted in the following: the nonist by default, the nonist by interest, and the nonist by absurdity. The first cannot say anything else and the second does not want to, whilst the third paves a new way toward a refoundation of political discourse. The conditions of possibility of such a refoundation rely upon the dialectical relationship between two distinctive rationales, namely: the world of theoretical ideas, and the world of events. The resulting contradiction witnesses the crisis of political activity, and some output solutions will be suggested accordingly.
The pivot to the Asia-Pacific region is Russia’s strategic response to existential challenges such as the threat of losing great power status, and the need to maintain territorial integrity and independence. This strategy should not be viewed as meant only to ameliorate the economic and demographic situation in the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia. Instead, it should be interpreted as an opportunity for Russia to break out of the economic, security, and geographic traps she finds herself in within the Western-dominated international order. The emerging Asia-Pacific regional order may develop into a new international order that will be more competitive; it will not be dominated by a single power or ideology but will instead rest on multiple centers of power. This order will be more favorable to Russia than the unipolar Atlantic one, helping Russia utilize her comparative advantages in the territory, resources, hard power, political organization, and ability to mobilize resources for strategic goals
The present article considers the process of the formation, development and weakening of the world order based on the American hegemony. The ori-gins of the current world order are analyzed. The article presents the analysis of the characteristic features and methods applied by the USA to maintain their position in the world. The author shows how globalization has become more favorable for developing countries than for the developed ones. The gradually forming conviction in the inevitable weakening of the US leadership positions is also analyzed. The article describes the characteristics of the current situation in international relations as a situation of a started reconfiguration of the World-System. The latter should mean the coming of the epoch of turbulence and formation of new coalitions. There will take place a transition to a more sustainable world order which will be a difficult task. The second article will consider the direction and ways of the formation of this new world order, the possible principles and mechanisms of its establishment.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.