Разрешение городских конфликтов
The volume challenges the prevailing simplistic view of weak, passive, and scared citizens in Eastern European and Eurasian cities – places that are themselves often seen as shaped by neoliberal and authoritarian structures. Here, the editors argue for the vibrant diversity and dynamism in contemporary urban civic activism in Eurasia. Employing diverse sources such as photos, interviews with local activists, and scholarly reports from the fields of anthropology, planning, architecture, political sciences, and sociology, they explore the creativity and novelty of Eurasian grassroots activism. By drawing on these multi-disciplinary perspectives, they aim to overcome distances and initiate dialogues among the interested public, activists, urban decision makers, and academics in the East and West alike.
In this paper we explore the main patterns of communication of apartment buildings’ residents in St. Petersburg on social networking site “VK”. Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), we discovered discussion topics in online groups created by residents for their houses. We find that online communication in these groups has instrumental character and is aimed at solving common problems of residents. Apart from that, co-membership analysis showed that participants of groups created for fighting with in-fill constructions are more involved in various citywide activities than participants of groups created for solving internal problems of house (e.g. unsatisfactory work of the management company or leaking ceilings).
City planning is a means for determining policy, appropriate policy in a democracy is determined through political debate. The right course of action is always a matter of choice, never of fact. Planners should engage in the political process as advocates of the interests of government and other groups. Intelligent choice about public policy would be aided if different political, social, and economic interests produced city plans. Plural plans rather than a single agency plan should be presented to the public. Politicizing the planning process requires that the planning function be located in either or both the executive and legislative branches and the scope of planning be broadened to include all areas of interest to the public.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/