Историко-культурный атлас Елабужского района Республики Татарстан. Карта культурного наследия
The Annual Report about cultural heritage was prepared for the first time in the history of the country. It helps to estimate all the quantity of cultural heritage objects – 125.5 thousands monuments of history and culture; 5.5 thousands ensembles with 18.9 thousands monuments and 1.6 thousands outstanding places. An addition there is 113 thousands of new revealed objects, which can be cultural objects in nearest future.
Condition of the cultural heritage object in all regions of Russian Federation was revealed, too. More than 54 percents of cultural monuments are in good condition, but 18 percents of them are in danger and need urgent restoration works. The wide spectrum of problems with cultural heritage objects discussed: undergoing of natural and anthropogenic pressure; protecting zone projecting, restoration of the objects, etc.
New trend in protection of the cultural heritage is the cultural-landscape point of view. It needs to increase the list of outstanding places in the country and to increase the role of museums-reserves as integrated instrument of protecting historical territories and local economy development.
The paper aims to discuss the multifaceted links between the marine environment of the Gulf of Finland and the representations of the large complex of cultural heritage related to the city of St. Petersburg. The paper is based on a spatial imaginary of Greater St. Petersburg as the cultural and technological unity of the city and adjacent waterscapes in the times of the Russian Empire. This concept is instrumental to see the historical links between the parts of the heritage complex that has by now disintegrated and has been separated by state borders.
The article contains analysis of the problems of historical and cultural heritage protection. The execution of powers for the protection of historical and cultural heritage of the Executive authorities of the Russian Federation and of the Subjects of Russia are considered.