ЕГЭ-2017. Английский язык. Типовые экзаменационные варианты. 20 вариантов (+CD)
Language exercises are widely used in teaching foreign languages; yet, manually creating exercises is labor-intensive and time-consuming. This paper describes a method for automatically generating EFL wordbank cloze exercises. These are generated from arbitrary passages in English, which is an important advantage in terms of learner motivation; indeed, the content of the exercises can be tailored to learners’ interests. Another feature of the method is exercise difficulty adjustment. Unlike other systems, our algorithm does not rely on many external linguistic resources and can be thus more easily adapted to other languages. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the proposed method. The experiments showed that our algorithm performs significantly better than the ‘naïve’ random-sample baseline and that its precision of making gaps is 97%.
In foreign language teaching, various types of linguistic exercises are widely used – in particular, those involving the correction of lexical and grammatical errors in the text. The article describes a method for automatically generating such exercises from arbitrary texts in English. Freedom to choose any text is an important advantage from the point of view of student motivation, since the teacher can adapt the content of the tasks to students’ interests. Two experiments involving expert evaluation of exercises showed that our method is highly effective.
Starting from 2008, the admission to the BSc program at the ICEF (NRU HSE) is done by the UNE results. 2008 was a transition year: both UNE and internal HSE exams results were counted. Since 2009 the regulations stay stable — only the UNE and Olympiads’ results have been taken into account. In the article the academic success factors for the students admitted in 2009–2011, after 1, 2, and 3 years of study, are analyzed. It has been shown that the students — Olympiads’ winners consistently show better results than other students, other factors equal. The UNE results are still significant for academic performance forecast after 3 years of study. But the final rating of the student after the first year accumulates almost completely the information which the UNE and Olympiads results contain. Region of a student’s school is not significant and gender is marginally significant for future academic performance.
The article gives theoretical information on what 'micro' and 'macro' skills in speaking are; and explores some in-class activities which can be used nearly at any language proificiency level and in any context to hone specific speaking micro and macro skills.
Current trends in education, namely blended learning and computer-assisted language learning, underlie the growing interest to the task of automatically generating language exercises. Such automatic systems are especially in demand given the variability in language learning. Despite the abundance of resources for language learning, there is often a lack of specific exercises targeting a particular group of learners or ESP course. This paper gives an overview of a computer system called Exercise Maker that is aimed at flexible and versatile language exercise generation. The system supports seven exercise types, which can be generated from arbitrary passages written in English. Being able to tailor educational material to learners’ interests is known to boost motivation in learners (Heilman et al., 2010). An important feature of the system is the automatic ranking of the source passages according to their complexity/readability. As shown by expert evaluation, the automatically generated exercises are of high quality: the gap precision is about 97-98%, while the overall exercise acceptance rate varies from 90% to 97.5%. Exercise Maker is freely available for educational and research purposes.
The article describes an effective method of automatic generation of word-formation exercises in the format similar to Cambridge certificate exams and Russian state exam. The input for the generation of exercises is English texts of arbitrary size and contents, which is especially relevant within the framework of teaching English for special or academic purposes. To generate the exercises, we use a dictionary of 11977 units: 2466 stem words and 9511 derivatives. The dictionary was compiled based on the most frequent word families from the British National Corpus. Exercises generated with the presented method can be used in preparation for taking the above exams, as well as in teaching / learning English, namely for developing lexico-grammatical and reading skills.
The coursebook encompasses the most common law areas and provides extensive communicative practice of legal vocabulary, as well as of reading, speaking and writing skills. It can be used as a supplementary material to prepare students for the International Legal English Certificate (ILEC) exam.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.