Горожанин. Что мы знаем о жителе большого города?
Real estate expropriation for public needs is quite a common practice in Russia. Over the past 30 years, as private ownership of land and other real estate has developed in Russia, an objective need also developed for such expropriation, including forced real estate expropriation, based on judicial decisions, subject to “fair” compensation for the owners. Over the period, a regulatory environment emerged for handling cases, establishing grounds and procedures for real estate expropriation for State and municipal needs, and a certain enforcement practice was developed.
Book Review: Eva Berar, Imperija i gorod: Nikolay II, “Mir iskusstva” i gorodskaja duma v Sankt-Peterburge. 1894–1914 [Empire and City: Nikolay II, “Mir iskusstva” and City Duma in Saint Petersburg, 1894–1914] (Moscow: New Literary Observer, 2016) (in Russian)
The article describes routs of visitors of museum-reserve Tsaritsyno (Moscow) after its reconstruction -- in the most popular and crowded "historical" part of the park and in the distant areas. In addition, we consider which type of visitors prefer certain routes, as well as how visitors experience space in different parts of the park (or different modes of perception). The article describes such modes as "consumption of public space", "romantic tourist gaze" and "existential" mode.
This book envisions Łódź, a city in present-day central Poland, the region’s textile industrial hub, to have been the capital of the Polish 19th century. Its history is a tale of struggle with modern change in Eastern Europe. The authors boldly challenge the romantic and noble-based Polish cultural imaginary, offering instead a revolutionary path to understanding confrontation with modernity in the region.
The book examines local press debates during four pivotal periods, each of which stimulated self-reflection on the idea of the modern city:
– Rapid industrial growth in the tsarist borderlands;
– State crafting after WWI;
– Socialist restructuring after 1945;
– Transition and deindustrialization after 1989.
Together these insights constitute a multi-faced portrait of 20th century urban experience beyond the metropolis, in different historical contexts.
This innovative, interdisciplinary work deftly integrates urban and cultural history, historical sociology and discourse research. It will be of great value to Polish and Jewish studies’ specialists, as well as those in the field of Eastern European and Slavic studies. The book also addresses core intellectual debates within urban studies, modernity studies and historical discourse analysis worldwide.
The United Nations estimates that by 2030, more than two-thirds of the total world population will live in urban areas. Most of this increase will take place not in Europe or in the United States but in the megacities and newly emerging urban regions of what used to be called the developing world. Urban studies is an expansive and growing field, covering many disciplines and professional fields, each with its own schedule of conferences, journals, and publication series. These two volumes address the specific theories, key studies, and important figures that have influenced not just the individual discipline but also the field of urban studies more generally. The Encyclopedia of Urban Studies is intended to present an overview of current work in the field and to serve as a guide for further reading in the field.
This is a review of the last book by influential cultural geographers A.Amin and N.Thrift dedicated to the contemporary urban theory and its perspectives.
The aim of this paper is to delineate the history of sound studies as a research field and to highlight their connection with urban studies and practices. Throughout their history sound studies have gone through the precritical and critical phases, and finally formed a postdisciplinary field. From the very beginning sound studies established themselves in the heart of urban problems, which enables us to consider them as an alternative (nonvisual) branch of urban studies. Today sound studies can provide urban studies with instruments that can help to overcome the limitations of visual culture. Thus sound studies form a resource ignoring which is likely to bring urban theorists and practitioners to misguided decisions.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.