Боги, святилища, обряды Японии: Энциклопедия синто
The collective monography is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the Meiji restoration (1868-2018). It reflects various aspects of the life of traditional and modern Japan, comprehensively and multifaceted characterized a century and a half of Japan's movement on the path of renewal.
The author team consists of both famous Russian and foreign scientists. The complex approach inherent in oriental studies made it possible to create a multifaceted picture of the evolution of Japanese society, which presents a very wide range of issues (language and literature, history and culture, politics, economy and international relations). Assessment and interpretation of the problems under study and their deep analysis make it possible to create a complete and dynamic image of today's Japan.
The monography fits not only to orientalists, but also to students, postgraduates, specialists in the field of culture, politics, international relations, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the past and present of Japan. This monography has articles in Russian, Japanese and English.
Invaluable role of Korean youth in the national liberation movement of Korea, in the fight against the Japanese colonization of the independence of the homeland. Analysis of activity of Korean youth organizations will allow to identify their role and place in the struggle for independence and its influence on the development of self-consciousness and national consciousness of the Korean youth. The article is devoted to the Korean youth movement in the 1920s. For the first time introduced into circulation new documents and materials from Russian archives, presents an analysis of the structure of various youth organizations, including the first Komsomol organizations in Korea, Manchuria, Japan and Russia. The main goals and objectives of youth organizations were directed not only to fight against the colonial domination of Japan, one of the main tasks of the Korean youth was educational activities directed at the elimination of Korean traditional values, the struggle for equality in society and in the family. Intuitively presented and ideological struggle between youth organizations, religious, socialist, communist and nationalist orientation, covers the activities of the Korean section of the Komsomol Communist Youth International (CIY). Sufficiently clear traced and ideological incompatibility not only in the youth movement, but also in general in the Korean independence movement.
The article examines the current state of Russian-Japanese political relations since December 2012 until September 2017. The article notes dynamics and problems of the development of bilateral relations in this period. According to the author the main problems are differences in the views and interests of the both sides. The author believes that the accumulated dynamics in Russian-Japanese relations will continue in the near future, but in the long term this will not lead to progress in bilateral relations.
As an example, a record of poems in the poetic collection "Japanese songs composed for a feast in honor of the end of the compilation of the "Continuation of the collection of old and new Japanese songs""is given.
The article examines the role of Japan in the settlement of the situation on the Korean peninsula. The serious aggravation of relations between the United States and the DPRK in 2017 unexpectedly ended with the first ever US-North Korean summit in Singapore. The results of the summit are assessed ambiguously, but the very fact of direct contact between the leaders of the United States and the DPRK contributed to strengthening confidence between countries and easing tensions on the Korean peninsula. Remarkably, the change in rhetoric of Tokyo, which traditionally adheres to a rigid line with regard to the DPRK and considers maximum pressure the only way to achieve a result in relations with the North Korean regime. The question of the destruction of DPRK medium and short-range missiles that can hit targets on the territory of the country is of exceptional importance for Japan's national security. The rapid development of the situation, the unpredictable policy of US President D.Trump aroused Tokyo's fears that Washington could make a deal with the DPRK, allowing to preserve medium-range missiles in exchange for refusing to develop long-range ballistic missiles. In such circumstances, it would be very reckless to rely only on promises from its overseas ally. Therefore, on the eve of the meeting in Singapore, Prime Minister S.Abe expressed his desire to hold a summit meeting between Japan and the DPRK. The problem of normalization of relations with the DPRK will allow S.Abe not only to remove the threat to the national security of Japan, but also to strengthen the internal political positions, shaken in connection with corruption.
The study is devoted to honkadori (an allusion within a poem to an older poem) in Japanese traditional poetry.
The word "samurai" is firmly established in the modern Russian language and, along with Fujiyama, geisha and sakura, is one of the "calling cards" of Japan. However, it was not always, of course. This article traces the initial process of perceiving the concept of "samurai" in pre-revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union: from the 1890s, from the first military victories of rapidly modernizing Japan, to the Russo-Japanese War and further to the beginning of the Second World War. Initially endowed with signs of "childishness" or "femininity," softness and grace, the image of Japan is gradually becoming "manly" and is increasingly associated with the concept of "samurai." This concept itself corresponds at first with such qualities as belligerence and cruelty, but also loyalty to the lord and “knightly” honor; Often, following Nitobe Inazo, the best qualities of the Japanese are generally elevated to the samurai tradition. In the future, the Japanese appear in an increasingly caricature form as greedy, but powerless aggressors; At first, this image was not associated with the concept of "samurai", but by the 1930s. fused with it. At the same time, Soviet authors criticize the "feminine" image of Japan; both the ruling exploiter and the exploited worker most often have "male" traits. The article traces the early Japanese borrowings in domestic dictionaries of foreign words, reviews of the Japanese in the writings of Russian and Soviet writers, the characteristics of the country and its inhabitants in popular publications devoted to Japan, as well as propaganda texts and images.
This edition consists of two parts.
The first part includes the monograph Ancient Japan: Culture and Text. In this study Meshcheryakov made an attempt to present the main types of written forms of creativity in ancient Japan (history, poetry, prose, religious writings) as components of a single informational text flow. This is the first attempt of this kind made in the domestic Japanese studies.
The chronological framework covers the period from the 8th to the 13th century, that is, from the bottom of the appearance of Japanese literature, framed by the creation of mythological, chronicle and legislative vaults, to the decline of aristocracy, accompanied by the displacement of the center of power from the imperial palace to the shogun's headquarters.
The second part consists of literary translations of old Japanese prose, made by A. N. Meshcheryakov. This includes such famous monuments as Japanese legends about miracles (selected Buddhist legends from Nihon Ryoiki, Ojo Gokurakki and Hokke Kenki), diary by famous writer Murasaki Shikibu (11th century) and Notes on the leisure time of a Buddhist monk Yoshida Kaneyoshi (14th century).
The publication uniquely combines the publication of outstanding monuments of old-Japanese prose with an attempt to study and comprehend them and will be useful to anyone interested in traditional Japanese culture.