UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030
Scholars from international relations, communication, and other related fields discuss the importance and place of Cultural Diplomacy (CD) as a foreign affairs tool. CD is a domain that has been explored by a few scholars so far. Not much attention was dedicated to the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) list, which was initiated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In this framework, CD is actively applied and practiced. This paper explores the case of relations among China, Japan, and South Korea as state parties of the Convention on ICH initialized by UNESCO in 2003. The given case study examines CD of the three countries as ICH state parties in terms of the three main areas of their activities: the nomination and inscription of the intangible heritage; the development of ICH in the region and worldwide through providing facilities; and financial assistance to the ICH Fund. The analysis demonstrates that all three selected countries demonstrate collaborative and competitive CD. At the multilateral level, the selected countries conduct cooperative diplomacy while at the bilateral level, countries tend to apply competitive diplomacy. I conclude that the existing ICH legal and procedural framework, as well as the misperception of the values and aims of ICH by the state parties’ governing bodies encourage countries to cooperate and compete. The study is useful as a demonstration of how an international structure like UNESCO’s ICH that pursues good governance and universal values can turn into a battlefield for political competition among the most active member states. The author suggests changes in the legal framework of ICH to encourage non-state actors’ participation and cooperation among the selected countries.
There are nowadays many reasons that affect the level and quality of education in the Arab countries. First of all, this is the lack of internal stability due to changes in political regimes resulting from upheavals, wars and local conflicts that do not allow the new authorities to find the time and means to solve important social problems, education being one of them. In most countries, priority tasks such as eradication of illiteracy of the adult population and implementation of universal compulsory primary education have not yet been resolved.
The article highlights the specifics of the system of higher education in the Arab countries, various aspects of its composition and state in recent decades, as well as current problems and development trends.
Authors of article address activity of the UN and other international organizations making efforts for overcoming migration crisis. In article the key documents accepted by the international community in recent years are analyzed and also the practice of counteraction to migration crisis realized by UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO and other organizations is investigated. As the main document directed to overcoming crisis the New York Declaration on refugees and migrants is considered. Following the results of the analysis which is carried out in article, authors state lag of the measures taken by the international organizations from real needs of the world community for overcoming migration crisis. In addition the speech also goes about low system nature and a fragmented nature of the international influence on existing migration practices. At the same time the existing international practices of overcoming migration crisis including planned till 2030, are estimated by authors as necessary owing to their international and transregional character. Practical actions of the United Nations are mostly selective, point-like, and are not capable of breaking the complex socio-economic situation. The number of refugees affected by the activities of the organization is also not comparable to the actual numbers of migration. In such conditions, we can state the rather low efficiency of the international organization, and its inertia.