На пути к себе: простые премудрости стихи
Present article focuses on analysis of John of Wales' classification of several types of knowledge on the basis of his "-loquia" sequence (consisting of “Breviloquium de philosophia, sive sapientia sanctorum”, “Communiloquium” or “Summa collationum”, “Compendiloquium” and “Breviloquium de virtutibus antiquorum Principum et Philosophorum”). John, an important Franciscan theologian and an industrious collector of exempla of the 13th century, designates scientia (knowledge), sapientia (wisdom) and philosophia (philosophy). According to him, the latter is the supreme form of knowledge that a human been can seek, it is a true wisdom inherent in Christian saints and Church fathers. As to wisdom, it is accessible for pagans as for Christians but a wise man need to possess a specific set of characteristics such as great humility, sobriety and patience etc. And scientia represents the practical, human knowledge, quite useful (for making fair laws, for example) but not leading to the virtuous life.