2050 low-emission pathways: domestic benefits and methodological insights – Lessons from the DDPP
The piblication provides the key lessons learnt from DDPP project experience on designing long-term pathways of low carbon development for 16 world largest economies. The Paris Climate Agreement requires countries to build their concrete vision of the national low-emission transition, consistent with global climate goals that would widely shared by domestic stakeholders and explicitly articulated with domestic socio-economic priorities. We analyze the experience of USA, France, Germany, Russia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, UK, Mexico, Canada, Italy, Brazil in projecting the deep decarbonization scenarios for their economies by 2050.
The second book from The Russia Balance Sheet Project, a collaboration of two of the world's preeminent research institutions--the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Center for Strategic and International Studies--examines Russia after the financial crisis of 2007-2009. In the aftermath of the crisis, what is Russia's current economic status and role in the world order? How has the crisis changed a push for an innovation-driven economy fueled by advanced technology growth? Furthermore, how have recent allegations of political corruption affected domestic politics as well as the world's perception of Russia? To answer these questions, the book assesses Russia's international policy challenges and also provides an all-encompassing review of domestic issues. The authors consider foreign policy, Russia and it neighbors, climate change, Russia's role in the world, domestic politics, and corruption. As Russia grapples with the realities of the post-crisis world, this lucid volume offers the keen insights of today's foremost experts on Russia.
The book is devoted to a wide range of sustainable development issues in Russia: from review of the political, legal and institutional frameworks for green economy development to particular practices of waste management, renewable energy use, ecological education, information and awareness raising on sustainable development.
The article focuses on the influence of global climate change on the world economy. The author points out that this influence is broader than damage from the transformation of environment caused by climate change and involves the variety of issues including impacts on the technological progress and formation of new carbon markets. Special attention is paid to the role of intergovernmental regulation and the composition of climate policy which change as the influence of climate change grows. Climate policy passes to the national level and switches to the priority of adaptation measures.
Climate change is already happening and negatively affecting agricultural production in Russia, particularly the crops production, as one of the most bulnerable to weather and climatic factors. First part of the publication presents the economic valuation of climate change impacts on crops production on the national level. In the second part of it we present findings of the case studies in two Russian agricultural provinces, where the negative impacts of climate change are clearly observed. In conclusion, we consider possible options for adaptation of Russian agriculture to climate change.
The conferences in Copenhagen and Cancun heralded a turning point in the development of the international climate regime: now one can already say with certainty the old Kyoto model has collapsed. Now countries take measures to combat climate change following their own economic and political interests. Global climate cooperation disintegrates into a multitude of national climate policies.
REVIEW OF THE LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA, GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR REGIONAL ECONOMY
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.