Электронное взаимодействие: юридически значимые аспекты
The article is devoted to social and political development in the Komi Republic, to formation of market relations, which have objectively led to increase of the role of electronic government in society's life. The level of development of the information space directly influences economy, business and political activity of citizens and other spheres of society's life.
Electronic Government in Russia became a strategic component in the governance process. To establish trust and security in the electronic interaction process between authorities and citizens, the Russian Government aims to deliver high quality public services through a secured and comfortable environment. The complexity of Strategic eGovernment decisions is illustrated through the example of a key eGovernment solution, the Citizens Electronic Card. The Citizens eCard project case study outlines strategic management issues caused by the interrelation between eGovernment and administrative reforms in Russia. The necessary technological, legal and organisational changes performed in Russia to effectively organise the national eGovernment system are also analysed.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.